2014-15 1st Semester Test
The lowlands of Gulf of Mexico
The Olmec
3,500 years ago
The Olmec
This was the earliest known civilization in the Americas.
The Olmec
carved huge stone heads, some 10 feet tall.
The Olmec
Rainforests of Guatemala and Mexico
The Mayas
about 3,000 years ago
The Mayas
They disappeared about A.D. 900, leaving their cities and farms.
The Mayas
developed a civilization in the 1300s
The Aztecs
Near Lake Texcoco in central Mexico
The Aztecs
Their capital was Tenochtitlan.
The Aztecs
high in the Andes Mountains in South America
The Incas
In the 1500s
The Incas
invented a counting device known as the quipu
The Incas
In what year did Columbus set sail for America?
1492.
What was the name of the three ships Christopher Columbus sailed the sea with?
Santa Maria, Nina, and the Pinta
What does circumnavigate mean?
sail completely around the world
Where did De Soto die?
on the Mississippi River
Which country was first gaining riches from American colonies?
Spain
What is the name of the Aztec Emperor?
Moctezuma
Where did the first banana’s come from?
Canary islands.
What Spanish class of people were born in the Americas to Spanish parents?
Creoles
Which social class were born in Spain ?
Peninsulares.
What were some problems in James town?
-The water was unhealthy,
-Mosquitoes spread malaria,
-Colonist faced starvation
What is a plantation?
A large estate farmed by many workers.
-directly taxed the colonists for every sheet of paper printed
The Stamp Act of 1765
“-stated that Great Britain would
house its soldiers in American barracks and public houses”
The Quartering Act of 1765
–taxed glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea which were items that colonists had no choice but to import through Great Britain
Townshend Tariffs of 1767
– taxed tea imported from Great Britain from the colonies who had to buy their tea from the East India Company, a British company.
Tea Act of 1773
-resulting from the Boston Tea Party, these laws closed Boston harbor, attempted to take away Massachusetts ability to self-govern, and created a new
Quartering act.
The Intolerable Acts 1774
– warned militia of British marching from Boston to Concord in his famous ride
Paul Revere
– An Englishman living in Philadelphia who on January 9th, 1776 published the pamphlet “”Common Sense,”” one of the most influential pamphlets in American history.”
Thomas Paine
– the monarch of Great Britain during the time of the American Revolution
King George III
– wrote the majority of the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson
-the Commander-in-chief of the American colonial forces
General George Washington
– commanded British forces which occupied Georgia by early 1779 and captured Charleston, South Carolina in May 1780.
Lord Charles Cornwallis
5 freedoms: speech, press, religion, assembly,
petition
First Amendment
Right to bear arms (to protect the people
against a government that becomes too powerful)
Second Amendment
No quartering of soldiers
Third Amendment
No unreasonable searches and seizures without
a warrant; right to privacy
Fourth Amendment
Due process, eminent domain, no double jeopardy, right
to remain silent (you can’t be forced to testify against yourself) and
the right to be tried by a grand jury for a capital offense
Fifth Amendment
Right to a speedy trial
Sixth Amendment
Right to a trial by a jury of your peers; no
lawsuits under $20
Seventh Amendment
No cruel and unusual punishment
Eighth Amendment
Any rights not explicitly listed are automatically
given to the people. (Meant to appease the Anti-Federalists)
Ninth Amendment
Any powers not explicitly listed are automatically
given to the states.
Tenth Amendment
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