A Repair Kit for Grading
fixes for practices that  distort achievement

Fix 1: Don’t include student behavior in grades… .

Fix 2: Don’t reduce marks on work submitted late … .

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Fix 3: Don’t give points for extra credit … .

Fix 4: Don’t punish academic dishonesty with reduced grades …

Fix 5: Don’t consider attendance in grade determination …

Fix 6: Don’t include group scores in grades … .

Fix 1

Don’t include student behaviors (effort, participation, adherence to class rules, etc.) in grades; include only achievement.

Fix 2
Don’t reduce marks on “work” submitted late; provide support for the learner.
Fix 3
Don’t give points for extra credit or use bonus points; seek only evidence that more work has resulted in a higher level of achievement.
Fix 4
Don’t punish academic dishonesty with reduced grades; apply other consequences and reassess to determine actual level of achievement.
Fix 5
Don’t consider attendance in grade determination; report absences separately.
Fix 6
Don’t include group scores in grades; use only individual achievement evidence.
fixes for low-quality or poorly organized evidence

Fix 7: Don’t organize information in grading records by assessment methods or simply summarize into a single grade; organize and report evidence by standards/learning goals.

Fix 8: Don’t assign grades using inappropriate or unclear performance standards; provide clear descriptions of achievement expectations.

Fix 9: Don’t assign grades based on a student’s achievement compared to other students; compare each student’s performance to preset standards.

Fix 10: Don’t rely on evidence gathered using assessments that fail to meet standards of quality; rely only on quality assessments.

Fix 7

Don’t organize information in grading records by assessment methods or simply summarize into a single grade; organize and report evidence by standards/learning goals.

Fix 8

Don’t assign grades using inappropriate or unclear performance standards; provide clear descriptions of achievement expectations.

Fix 9

Don’t assign grades based on a student’s achievement compared to other students; compare each student’s performance to preset standards.

Fix 10
Don’t rely on evidence gather using assessments that fail to meet standards of quality; rely only on quality assessments.
conjecture

Mrs. Bruning observes several boys simply stuffing handouts into their backpacks. Based on her observation, she says, “Boys stuff handouts into their backpacks.” Mrs. Bruning has just made a(n) ______________________________ about the behavior of boys.

theorem

We proved that if overlapping segments have the same measure, then their non-overlapping parts have the same measure. So the underlined statement is a(n) ______________________________.

proof

When you use deductive reasoning to write an argument that a statement is true, we call that argument a(n) ____________________.

angle

Two rays start at the same point, and then head off in different–but not necessarily opposite–directions, they form a(n) ______________________________.

collinear

Segment SG and segment MT lie on the same line. So we can use the word ____________________ to describe them.

 

[image]

coplanar

The triangle and pentagon shown below both lie in the plane defined by the screen you are viewing. We would describe them as being ________________________________________.

[image]

exterior

In the figure below, D lies in the ______________________________ of angle BAC .

[image]

interior

If you draw a segment from a point on one side of an angle to a point on the other side of the angle, the segment will pass through the angle’s ______________________________.

(line) segment

Points W, O, R and M all lie on the same line. The part of that line that starts at W and ends at R would be called a(n) ______________________________.

ray

“________________________________________” is the word or phrase we use to refer to the part of the line pictured below that starts at point D and continues forever in the direction of point E.

[image]

vertex

An angle is defined by rays AC and AT. We call A the ______________________________ of the angle. Meow!

postulate

A statement that is so basic that we can all agree that it is true without proofis known as a(n) ______________________________.

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