AP Government vocab 2
Royal Colony
A colony controlled by a mother country, England in the case of colonial America, in which a governor ruled the colony
Proprietary Colony
A colony of 1 or more governors or a small group controlling the colony. This colony is much like a royal colony.
Charter Colony
A colony chartered by a mother country, but is self governed mostly by white, male, protestant land owners
Continental Congress
PA, 1774; PA 1776. response to intolerable acts, sent ben franklin to england to negotiate. they refused to take down the blockade which inspired the second continental convention where a unicameral congress was set up with George Washington as commander in chief in the case of war; John Hancock was a president
habeas corpus
court order to present a person in front of a judge when holding them to ensure a fair enprisonment unless in time of war or diaster. this only applies to citizens.
bill of attainder
a law allowing the indefinite imprisonment without a trial. the british used this against the americans; it is forbidden by the constitution.
ex post facto
a law made to enforce punishment before that law existed. this is also forbidden by the constitution
federalist
a supporter of a strong, central government. Examples include James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Adams and George Washington
anti-federalist
a person opposed to a strong central government in favor of states rights. Examples include Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, Richard Lee and Samuel Adams.
republic
a representative government of elected officials who govern the people by their consent.
imperium in imperio
13. two independent authorities cannot rule in the same area. The right to rule within borders without interference.
statue
any law established by a legislative body
precedent
a legal case that establishes a principle that will influence following court cases or .
compact
diplomatic contract agreed upon by two or more parties
charter
a document that gives a group of people land and other funding to colonize an area
commonwealth
a nation government for the common good idea of interests of a few.
charles beard
the framers of the constitution wanted to protect the wealthy land owners and were not in the process for the common good
tolerance
acceptance without changes or without effort to stop
sovereignty
absolute supreme power
balanced government
a principle under which all governmental branches are equal
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