assessment 1
learning
a permanent change in behavior resulting from experience
problem solving
an attempt to find an appropriate way of attaining a goal when the goal is not readily attainable
learned helplessness
is the effect of inescapable positive punishment on behavior
acquisition
the process of adapting to the environment (stimulus response link)
variable
the measurable factor, characteristic, or attribute of an individual or a system
IDEA
the legislation that ensures a free and appropriate education for students with disabilities in the LRE
mental retardation
refers to having significantly below-average intellectual functioning and can be mild, moderate, severe, or profound
learning disability
exists when there is a signficant discrepancy between one’s ability and one’s achievement
intelligence test
a standardized means of assessing a person’s current mental ability (Stanford Binet, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale)
achievement test
designed to determine a person’s level of knowledge in a given subject area
nervous system
electrochemical communication circuitry, made up of billions of neurons
CNS
a vertebrate central nervous system is the brain and spinal cord
attention
the cognitive process of selectively concentrating on one thing while ignoring another.(3 types: sustained, selective, and divided)
context
refers to the background stimuli that accompany some kind of foreground event
theories
logically self-consistent models or frameworks describing the behavior of natural or social phenomenon (broad explanations and predictions)
bias
a prejudice in a general or specific sense, manifesting in having a preference to one particular point of view or ideological perspective
sterotype
a group concept, held by one social group about another, frequently used to justify discriminatory behavior (this allows powerful social groups to legitimize and protect their dominant position)
blind spot
in anatomy, the part of the retina where the optic nerve and blood vessels pass through to the connect to the back of the eye (no light receptors, so a portion of the field of vision is not perceived)
phonics
the study of the way in spellings represent sounds that make up words
feedback
refers to information returned to a person about the effects a response has had
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