assessment 3
insight
sudden awareness of the relationships among various elements that had previously appeared to be independent of one another
learning
permanent change in behavior that results from experience
social skills
skills used to communicate and interact with others to assist status in the social structure
attention
the cognitive process of selectively concentrating on one thing while ignoring others: sustained, selective, and divided
motivation
the driving force behind all actions
context
the background stimuli that accompany some foreground event
emotion
a mental state that arises spontaneously, rather than through conscious effort. often accompanied by physiological changes
acquisition
the process of adapting to the environment, learning or becoming conditioned
variability
refers to how much the scores in a distribution spread out, away from the mean
mastery learning
of the research in learning, no strategies have led to a better outcome than mastery learning, where the learner must master material before moving forward
bias
a prejudice in a general or specific sense
heuristic
a simple, efficient rule to explain how peopple make decisions, come to judgements and solve problems when all information is not available or when facing complex problems (these can work well in most situations, but can result in cognitive bias)
empirical
the use of working hypotheses which are capable of being disproved using observation or experiment
critical thinking
a mental process of analyzing or evaluating information, particularly statements or propositions that are offered as true
cognition
the intellectual processes through which information is obtained, transformed, stored, retrieved, and otherwise used
scheme
(Piaget) a hypothetical mental structure that permits the classification and organization of new information
schema
a way of mentally representing the world, such as a belief or an expectation, that can influence perception of persons, objects and situations
stimulus
a change in an environmental condition that elicits a response
rote
a learning technique which avoids grasping the inner complexities and inferences of the subject that is being learned, and focuses on the learner menmoraizing exactly the way it was read or heard
problem solving
an attempt to find a way of appropriately attaining a goal when that goal is not readily attainable
algorithm
a systematic procedure for solving a problem that works invariably when it is correctly applied
interdependence
a dynamic of being mutually responsible to and dependent on others
reliability
the extent which a test produces a consistent, reproducible score
validity
the extent to which a test measure what it is intended to measure
syntax
the rules which govern sentence structure
automaticity
the ability to process information with little or no effort
generalization
in conditioning, the tendency for a conditioned response to be evoked by stimuli that are similar to which the response was conditioned
maladaptive
counterproductive to the individual
exemplars
refer to the individual instances of a concept that are stored in memory from personal experience
construct
a generalized concept, such as anxiety or gravity
applied research
done to solve specific, practical questions
sight vocabulary
refers to words that are immediately recognized on the basis of familiarity with their overall shapes
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