Assessment Terminology
Autism Spectrum Disorders
A neurological disorder that effects a person’s communication, social, and behavior skills.
Asperger’s Syndrome
Considered a high-functioning form of autism
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
The evaluation and modification of a child’s environment to improve behavior
Types of Autism Spectrum, Disorders
*Autism
*Asperger’s Syndrome
*Pervasive Developmental Disorder
Developmental Milestones
Skills or behaviors that most children can say or do by a certain age (crawling, walking, talking,etc…)
ADOS
Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-considered to be one of the best tools for diagnosing ASD
ADI-R
Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised tool used to diagnosis and assess severity of autism
DSM-IV
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-lists the clinical criteria for diagnosing autism
Babbling
Developmental milestone by six to nine months. The repetition of constant vowel combinations like “da da”
Eye-gaze
Nonverbal behavior used to express emotions or exchange information without the use of words
Echolalia
Repeating others (words, phrases, or sounds)
Functional Play
When a child uses objects for their appropriate or usual purpose
Idiosyncratic Language
Language with private meaning that only makes sense to those using it
Repetitive Motor Mannerisms
Stereotyped or repetitive movements of the body (hand flapping, finger twisting , wringing hands, etc…)
Terms for Repetitive Motor Mannerisms
*self-stimulating behaviors
*stimming
Self-injurious behaviors
Causing self-inflicted bodily harm
Restricted Patters of Interest
A limited range of interests that are intense in focus; one becomes obsessed with a single topic
Rituals
Specific and seemingly meaningless behaviors that one performs repeatedly (turning lights on and off)
Stereotyped Behaviors
An abnormal or excessive repetition of an action carried out in the same way over time
Compulsions
Deliberate repetitive behaviors that follow specific rules, such as counting, checking or cleaning
Communication
Communication is the use of nonverbal (eye gaze, facial expressions, body posture, gestures) and verbal (speech or spoken language) behavior to share ideas, exchange information, and regulate interactions
Emotional Regulation
A child’s ability to notice and respond to internal and external sensory input, and then adjust his emotions and behavior to the demands of his surroundings
Expressive Language
The use of verbal behavior, or speech, to communicate thoughts, ideas, and feelings with others
Facial Expressions
Movements of the face used to express emotion and to communicate with others
Gestures
Hand and head movements, used to signal to someone else, such as give, reach, wave, point, or head shake
Healthy Development
Describes the physical, mental, and social development of a child who is acquiring or achieving skills according to the expected time frame
Hyper responsiveness
An abnormal sensitivity of over reactivity to sensory input, such as; sound, touch, taste, or smell
Nonverbal Behaviors
Nonverbal behaviors are those things people do to convey or exchange information or express emotions without the use of words
Pervasive Developmental Disorders
PDD is an umbrella term for a wide spectrum of disorders referred to as Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)
Pretend Play
Pretend play is when children use their imagination to do things and to be something or someone else
Screening
Screening is a quick and simple way to monitor a child’s development
Symbolic Play
Symbolic play is where children pretend to do things and to be something or someone else. This is normal for children between the ages 2 and 3
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