BEI Test
voracious

syn: insatiable, gluttonous, gorging
ant: full, satisfied, quenched

desiring or consuming great quantities
indiscriminate

syn: aimless, haphazard, unplanned
ant: planned, chosen, methodical

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choosing at random without careful selection
eminent

syn: famed, high-ranking, distinguished
ant: insignificant, unimportant, common

of high reputation, outstanding
steeped

syn: immerse, marinate, submerge
ant: dehydrate, dry, deplete

soaked, drenched, satuarated
replete (adj)

syn: loaded, crammed, overflowing
ant: empty, lacking, unfilled

completely filled/supplied with
abound

syn: flourish, proliferate, thrive
ant: decline, fail, retreat

to exist in great numbers
technology
branch of knowledge dealing with engineering, applied science, etc
prognosticate

syn: foreshadow, prophesy, have a hunch

to predict/foretell a future event
automaton

syn: apparatus, gadget, instrument
ant: end

a robot; a mechanical “person”
matron

syn: matriarch, dame, mother
ant: patron

an older married woman
paradox

syn: ambiguity, enigma, inconsistency
ant: normality, standard, accuracy

a statement that at first seems to be absurd or self-contradictory but which may in fact turn out to be true
realm

syn: domain, territory, department

special field of something or someone; kingdom
annals

syn: journal, archives, publication

historical records
compound (v)

syn: commingle, associate, synthesize
ant: disconnect, separate, divide

to increase/add to
tinge (n)

syn: bit, dash, pinch
ant: lot, information, white

a trace, smattering, or slight degree
to eat humble pie
to admit your error and apologize
a pig in a poke
an item you purchase without having seen; a disappointment
a flash in the pan
promising at the start but then disappointing
badger (v)

syn: bully, torment, heckle
ant: aid, assist, support

to pester, nag, annoy persistently
implore

syn: urge, crave, pray
ant: disgust, refuse, turn off

to pled urgently for aid or mercy
drudgery

syn: chore, labor, struggle
ant: entertainment, fun, snap

unpleasant, dull, or hard work
interminable

syn: endless, long-winded, continuous
ant: brief, temporary, halting

unending
perceive

syn: comprehend, realize, know
ant: ignore, misinterpret, misunderstand

to understand, know, become aware of
to pour oil on troubled waters
to make peace, to calm someone down
laconic

syn: brief, curt, short and sweet
ant: long-winded, wordy,

expressing much in few words
throng

syn: multitude, congregation, mass

crowd
intrepid

syn: fearless, heroic, spunky
ant: afraid, cowardly, meek

brave
accost

syn:confront, bother, annoy
ant: ignore, turn away, refrain

to approach, especially with a greeting, question, or remark
reticent

syn: restrained, hesitant, close-mouthed
ant: confident, extroverted, communicative

to be silent, not to speak freely; reserved
the sword of Damocles
any imminent danger
furtive

syn: convert, conspiratorial, calculating
ant: honest, open, aboveboard

secret, stealthy
felon

syn: convict, offender, delinquent
ant: police

a person guilty of a major crime
plethora

syn: plenty, much, overabundance
ant: lack, need, scarcity

excess
hapless

syn: unlucky, woeful, loser
ant: happy, fortunate, well-off

unfortunate
irate

syn: enraged, exasperated,irritated
ant: cheerful, happy, pleased

angry, incensed
Pyrrhic victory
a too costly victory
pretext

syn: alibi, ploy, pretense
ant: reality, truth, rear

an excuse, alleged reason
fabricate

syn: formulate, concoct, contrive
ant: destroy, demolish, ruin

to lie; to construct
adroit

syn: masterful, proficient, adept
ant: awkward, incompetent, inept

skillful
gesticulate

syn: pantomime, body language, sign language
ant: speech

move the arms energetically
vigilant

syn: observant, attentive, alert
ant: careless, ignorant, thoughtless

watchful
a wet blanket
one who spoils the fun
avid

syn: impatient, passionate, zealous
ant: apathetic, disinterested, frigid

eager
cajole

syn: deceive, dupe, tantalize
ant: repulse, disgust, disenchant

coax
rudimentary

syn: simple, primitive, basic
ant: complex, intricate, sophisticated

elementary
enhance

syn: augment, enlarge, upgrade
ant: diminish, undermine, worsen

intensify, highten
nuance

syn: refinement, implication, gradation
ant: brightness, information, lot

slight variation in meaning, tone, etc.
to beard the lion in his den
to visit and oppose a person on his own grounds
loathe

syn: despise, detest, repudiate
ant: cherish, love, sanction

to hate
reprimand (v)

syn: castigate, reprehend, denounce
ant: approve, compliment, praise

to show sharp disapproval
lackluster

syn: boring, flat, uninspired
ant: bright, enthusiastic, lively

dull
caustic

syn: abrasive, harsh, scathing
ant: bland, gentle, kind

severely critical or sarcastic, biting
wrest

syn: extort, extract, seize
ant: give

take by force
crocodile tears
insincere tears
infamous

syn: vile, scandalous, notorious
ant: magnificent, pleasant, dignified

having a bad reputation
jostle

syn: bulldoze, nudge, thrust
ant: leave alone, repress, pull

to shove hard
dupe (n)

syn: victim, chump, mark
ant: cognizant, knowledgeable, informed

a person easily tricked
incipient

syn: embryonic, commencing, initiative
ant: developed, grown, mature

just beginning to exist or appear
inadvertent

syn: careless, reckless, unwitting
ant: careful, cautious, intentional

heedless, not attentive
to carry the day
to win the approval of the majority
ominous

syn: dangerous, sinister, haunting
ant: encouraging, cheerful, joyful

threatening
tremulous

syn: palpitating, shaky, trembling
ant: brave, unwavering, steady

quivering
repudiate

syn: disown, abandon, disavow
ant: accept, allow, enforce

to reject, decline
cessation

syn: interruption, discontinuance, termination
ant: beginning, commencement, opening

a stopping/ ending
bristle (v)

syn:seethe, boil, fume
ant: be happy

quivering/ to be visibly roused or stirred up
skid row
disreputable part of town, inhabited by derelicts and people “on the skid”
euphemism

syn: purism, pretense,inflation

a less offensive term/ nice way of saying something
mundane

syn: humdrum, routine, commonplace
ant: abnormal, unusual, heavenly

of or pertaining to the world, universe, or earth
incongruous

syn: bizarre, inappropriate, contradictory
ant: compatible, uniform, fitting

inappropriate, unbecoming, out of place
condolence

syn:compassion, solace, consolation

expression of sympathy, pity
stipulate

syn: guarantee, designate, impose
ant: break, decline, calculate

to specify a condition
to go in smoke
to come to no practical result
kindling smokes but but will not light a fire
alacrity

syn: eagerness, zeal
ant: coolness, apathy, discouragement

briskness, lively action
disdain (n)

syn: arrogance, hatred, ridicule
ant: admiration, flattery, affection

feeling of contempt for anything regarded as unworthy
belligerent

syn: combative, quarrelsome, aggressive
ant: agreeable, calm, friendly

warlike
intimidate

syn: frighten, terrify, coerce
ant: assure, comfort, encourage

to make timid, or to overawe
feint

syn: pretension, ploy, imposture
ant: frankness, honesty, truth

a false attack
pugnacious

syn: aggressive, hot-tempered, brawling
ant: laid-back, kind, nice

inclined to quarrel/fight readily
promulgate

syn: announce, proclaim, broadcast
ant: conceal, hide, refrain

to make known officially
scoff

syn: belittle, ridicule, knock
ant: approve, flatter, praise

to sneer at
belittle

syn: criticize, minimize, discredit
ant: commend, approve, overestimate

to make seem less important
to throw down the gauntlet
to challenge someone
feeling no pain
drunk
tangible

syn: touchable, evident, actual
ant: abstract, conceptual, unreal

having actual form
laceration

syn: gash, injury
ant: closure

jagged wound
castigate

syn: chastise, scold, punish
ant: approve, exonerate, forgive

to correct by punishing
sordid

syn: nasty, shameful, sleazy
ant: clean, reputable, decent

dirty or filthy
octogenarian
a person in their 80s
Hobson’s choice
to have no choice at all
solace

syn: condolence, relief, pit
ant: discord, disharmony

easing of grief
aspirant

syn: applicant, striver, contestant

candidate for advancement
dregs

syn: waste, residue, deposits

most worthless part
frenzy

syn: rage, passion, craze
ant: calm, harmony, order

wild fit
scurrilous

syn: insulting, foul, offensive
ant: decent, moral, pure

grossly/obscenely abusive
to rule the roost
to be in charge, to be master
rampant

syn: excessive, raging, prevalent
ant: moderate, restrained, limited

going unchecked, widespread
inane

syn: absurd, frivolous, idiotic
ant: bright, intelligent, smart

foolish
ethics

syn: belief, integrity, morality
ant: corruption,disgrace, dishonesty

code of principles
concur

syn: accord, consent, meet
ant: clash, disagree, object

agree
clandestine

syn:hidden, covert, fraudulent
ant:authorized, honest, open

secret, undercover
stock in trade
the goods, tools, and other requisites of a profession
flagrant

syn: brazen, bold, atrocious
ant: meek, obscure, timid

outrageous, glaringly bad
admonish

syn: scold, berate, reprimand
ant: allow, praise, compliment

to warn, strongly criticize
duress

syn: coercion, confinement, constraint
ant: freedom, liberation, release

force, compulsion
culprit

syn: criminal, offender, transgressor
ant: police

the guilty person
inexorable

syn: merciless, unrelenting, adamant
ant: kind, sympathetic, yielding

to warn, reprove
to take down a peg
to take the conceit out of a braggart
egregious

syn: deplorable, atrocious, shocking
ant: concealed, minor, mild

remarkably bad, flagrant
distraught

syn: agitated, perturbed, hysterical
ant: collected, reasonable, preaceful

mentally confused, crazed, very upset
duplicity

syn: deceit, artifice, treachery
ant: forthrightness, sincerity, openness

cunning, trickery
acrimonious

syn: belligerent, irate, spiteful
ant: happy, pleasant, helping

bitter in nature, speech, behavior
paucity

syn: insufficiency, rarity, meagerness
ant: abundance, plenty, affluence

scarcity, lack
to pass the buck
to evade responsibility
elicit

syn: bring out, obtain, derive
ant: give, supress, hide

to draw forth
pernicious

syn: damaging, dangerous, malicious
ant: harmless, beneficial, good

harmful, causing injury, hurtful
tolerate

syn: condone, endure, sanction
ant: disagree, exclude, refuse

to put up with, to bear
construe

syn: define, interpret, translate
ant: confuse, cloud, misunderstand

to make a deduction, to infer or explain
impunity

syn: permission, immunity, nonliability
ant: denial, veto, imprisonment

freedom from punishment
to lionize a person
to make a big fuss over someone
affluent

syn: prosperous, well-off, rich
ant: destitute, poor, impoverished

having an abundance of wealth
feasible

syn: achievable, attainable, reasonable
ant: implausible, impractical, unfeasible

possible, doable
discern

syn: anticipate, detect, distinguish
ant: confuse, doubt, ignore

to perceive by the sight or some other sense or by intellect
sally (v)

syn: accelerate, beeline, dash

suddenly rush forth
consternation

syn: alarm, bewilderment, awe
ant: assurance, calmness, contentment

dismay, distress
I’m from Missouri
a skeptic, one who is not easily convinced
red-letter day
day of happiness, time for rejoicing
precocious

syn: bright, mature, advanced
ant: stupid, unintelligent

reaching maturity early, ahead of age in understanding
perfunctory

syn: sketchy, superficial, apathetic
ant: careful, detailed, complete

done without care, automatic
chagrin

syn: annoyance, dismay, irritation
ant: comfort, satisfaction, happiness

feeling of disappointment, humiliation
perverse

syn: wicked, contradictory, degenerate
ant: agreeable, reasonable, willing

contrary, persisting in error
deride

syn: disparage, mock, ridicule
ant: admire, approve, praise

to ridicule, make fun of
to let sleeping dogs lie
to let well enough alone, avoid stirring up old hostilities
disparage

syn: defame, degrade, slander
ant: admire, commend, exaggerate

to discredit, criticize
laudable

syn: commendable, creditable, stellar
ant: disrespected, unworthy, blameable

praiseworthy, admirable
fiasco

syn: disaster, flop, debacle
ant: accomplishment, triumph, achievement

complete failure, catastrophe
masticate

syn: chomp, crunch, crush

to chew up
eschew

syn: abandon, forgo, renounce
ant: keep, meet, face

avoid, have nothing to do with
thumb’s down
signal of rejection
quell

syn: conquer, extinguish, quench
ant: encourage, surrender, compliment

put an end to
voluble

syn: chatty, articulate, wordy
ant: quiet, silent

talkative
confidant(e)

syn: adviser, companion, familiar
ant: enemy, foe, stranger

close friend, one to whom you confide your secrets
obsolescence

syn: destruction, elimination, annihilation

process of wearing out
dubious

syn: hesitant, questionable, reluctant
ant: believable, determined, honest

doubtful
implacable

syn: unrelenting, relentless, uncompromising
ant: kind, flexible, compassionate

cannot be appeased, pacified, inexorable
paroxysm

syn: convulsion, agitation, flare-up
ant: calm, peace, happiness

a fit, sudden outburst
reprehensible

syn: disgraceful,sinful, condemnable
ant: creditable, respectable, good

worthy of blame, shameful
jurisdiction

syn: command, administration, reign
ant: weakness, surrender, submission

power, range of authority
skirmish

syn: brawl, altercation, dispute
ant: accord, agreement, harmony

small fight, brief encounter
cause celebre
a famous law case/controversy
one swallow does not make a summer
don’t jump to conclusions based on incomplete evidence
harass

syn: heckle, pester, annoy
ant: delight, encourage, aid

to trouble, torment
monolithic

syn: bulky, enormous, gargantuan

massively solid
indigent

syn: impoverished, destitute, poverty-stricken

ant: affluent, rich, wealthy

poor, needy
arbitrary

syn: frivolous, random, irresponsible
ant: consistent, logical, regular

based on whim, chance
fray

syn: melee, brawl, conflict
ant: peace, agreement, surrender

a fight, battle
stymie

syn: crimp, stall, foil
ant: advance, assist, support

to hinder, impede
effigy

syn: likeness, statue, figure
ant: being, entity

a representation or image, ESP sculptured, as on a monument
flout

syn: defy, mock, scorn
ant: approve, commend, praise

show contempt
cognizant

syn: apprehensive, informed, knowledgeable
ant: ignorant, senseless, unfamiliar

aware
turbulent

syn: chaotic, quarrelsome, towdy
ant: agreeable, calm, gentle

unruly, agitated
a bitter pill to swallow
a humiliating defeat
an ax to grind
having a selfish motive in the background
terminate

syn: abort, cancel, eliminate
ant: accept, engage, begin

to end
forthwith

syn: abruptly, right away, instantly
ant: later

immediately
exacerbate

syn: aggravate, annoy, provoke
ant: aid, alleviate, appease

to irritate, make worse
revert

syn: degenerate, regress, backslide
ant: continue, improve, progress

return to an earlier, less developed condition
oust

syn: eject, remove, deprive
ant: hire, place, retain

to drive out, eject
sour grapes
to disparage something that you cannot have
emaciated

syn: anorexic, famished, meager
ant: overweight, overnourished, fat

abnormally thin, wasted away
surge

syn: flood, outpouring, gush
ant: decline, decrease

to rush suddenly
tranquil

syn: calm, stable, sedate
ant: agitated, fierce, chaotic

quiet, peaceful
sanctuary

syn: altar, temple, shrine

shelter
ascend

syn: soar, escalate, tower
ant: decline, decrease, fall

to rise, go up
to swap horses in midstream
to vote against a candidate running for reelection, to change one’s mind
malnutrition

syn: hunger, starvation, bulimia

faulty or inadequate diet
afflict

syn: burden, torment, oppress
ant: delight, help, relieve

to trouble greatly, to distress
besiege

syn: trap, encircle, confine
ant: let go, leave alone

to surround, hem in
privation

syn: hardship, disadvantage, necessity
ant: abundance, luxury, plenty

lack of necessities
sinister

syn: mischievous, threatening, dire
ant: happy, lucky, good

evil, ominous
to cool one’s heels
to be kept waiting
ubiquitous

syn: everywhere, universal, pervasive
ant: rare, scarce

being everywhere at the same time
remote

syn: distant, faraway, isolated
ant: close, near, sociable

distant, hidden away
thwart

syn: frustrate, obstruct, impede
ant: facilitate, encourage, allow

to hinder, stop
harbinger

syn: omen, precursor, signal

a forerunner, advance notice
malignant

syn: cancerous, fatal, lethal
ant: benign, harmless, invigorating

likely to cause death
a red herring
something that diverts attention from the main issue
excruciating

syn: grueling, intense, unbearable
ant: calm, dull, easy

agonizing, torturing
respite

syn: breather, downtime, interruption
ant: continuation, go, punishment

an interval of relief, pause
reverberating

syn: resound, ring, react
ant: quieten

reechoing, vibrate in sound
fretful

syn: complaining, mean, edgy
ant: calm, joyous, pleased

worrisome, irritable
succumb

syn: cease, defer, pass away
ant: defend, fight, bear

to give way, die
to spill the beans
to give away a secret
impresario

syn: director, sponsor,

producer or director of public entertainment
extortion

syn: coercion, fraud, theft
ant: peace

getting money by threats
adverse

syn: detrimental, conflicting, unfortunate
ant: assisting, beneficial, assisting

unfavorable, harmful
asset

syn: resource, distinction, benefit
ant: hindrance, hurt,

a valuable thing to have
bigot

syn: racist, chauvinist, opinionated
ant: moderate, humanitarian, tolerator

a narrow-minded, prejudiced person
to keep a stiff upper lip
to be courageous in the face of trouble
blatant

syn: outright, shameless, brassy
ant: subtle, silent, concealed

disagreeably loud, very showy
entourage

syn: associates, attendants, companions
ant: leader

group of followers
virulent

syn: bitter, scathing, vicious
ant: friendly, good, pleasant

full of hate, harmful
venom

syn: hatred, anger, toxin

poison, spite, malice
spew

syn: heave, regurgitate

throw up, vomit, eject
loath

syn: hesitant, resisting, uneager
ant: approving, ready, willing

unwilling, reluctant
solicit

syn: ask, inquire, mooch
ant: conceal, ignore, offer

to beg, seek earnestly
astute

syn: insightful, canny, discerning
ant: foolish, idiotic, naive

keen, shrewd
advocate (v)

syn: defender, promoter, encourage
ant: block, condemn, oppose

to be in favor of, to support
ineffectual

syn: inadequate, impotent, insufficient
ant: able, capable, sufficient

not effective
to have cold feet
to hesitate because of fear or uncertainty
to look a gift horse in the mouth
to be critical of a present
scrutinize

syn: analyze, investigate, watch
ant: forget, ignore, misunderstand

examine closely
nefarious

syn: horrible, outrageous, degenerate
ant: delightful, magnificent, pleasant
a

villainous, vicious
amicable

syn: cordial, courteous, peaceful
ant: disagreeable, impolite, rude

friendly, peaceful
vexatious

syn: nagging, exasperating, aggravating
ant: aiding, assisting, pleasing

annoying
malady

syn: ailment, epidemic, infection
ant: comfort, good health, strength

disease
to pay the piper
to bear the consequences
inclement

syn: brutal, harsh, rigorous
ant: merciful, mild, clear

unfavorable, stormy
peruse

syn: browse, analyze, inspect
ant: neglect, overlook

to read carefully
premonition

syn: hunch, suspicion, apprehensiveness
ant: knowledge, trust

forewarning
desist

syn: abstain, suspend, relinquish
ant: carry on, finish, resume

cease
recoil

syn: cringe, wince, shrink
ant: steady, remain, stay

draw back
to pay the piper
to bear the consequences
pertinent

syn: applicable, related, admissible
ant: improper, irrelevant, unsuitable

to the point
mastiff
large dog
obsess

syn: consume, dominate, engross

to haunt, preoccupy
doleful

syn: dejected, distressing, somber
ant: cheerful, elated, gleeful

sad, melancholy
wan

syn: faint, peaked, pasty
ant: colorful, healthy, flushed

sickly pale
on the carpet
being scolded
histrionics

syn: dramatics, tragedy,

display of emotions
elusive

syn: ambiguous, incomprehensible, baffling
ant: definite, understandable, stable

hard to grasp
frustrate

syn: baffle, hinder, impede
ant: assist, encourage, surrender

counteract, foil
symptomatic

syn: symbolic, suggestive, significant

having to do with signs or symptoms, indicative
interject

syn: implant, insinuate, intrude
ant: erase, withdraw, remove

insert, interrupt
to show one’s hand
to reveal one’s intentions
inert

syn: dormant, immobile, listless
ant: lively, moving, animated

without power to move, lifeless
salient

syn: famous, impressive, significant
ant: unimportant, unnoticeable, unimpressive

outstanding, prominent
squeamish

syn: disgusted, queasy, prudish
ant: ready, willing, undemanding

easily shocked, over sensitive
engrossed

syn: captivated, engaged, enthralled
ant: bored, uninterested, oblivious

absorbed, preoccupied
to tilt at windmills
to fight imaginary enemies
inundate

syn: swamp, overflow, engulf
ant: underwhelm

to flood
fruitless

syn: ineffective, pointless, barren
ant: effective, productive, profitable

useless, bringing no advantage
poignant

syn: bitter, pathetic, emotional
ant: cheerful, indifferent, wonderful

moving, painful to the feelings
garbled

syn: misinterpret, obscure, distort
ant: explain, organize, order

confused, mixed up
sanguine

syn: confident, hopeful, upbeat
ant: depressed, gloomy, pessimistic

optimistic
to feather one’s nest
grow rich by taking advantage of circumstances
phlegmatic

syn: passionless, flat, unresponsive

calm, hard to rouse to action
corroborate

syn: validate, substantiate, verify
ant: contradict, disprove, reject

confirm, support
comprehensive

syn: extensive, complete, global
ant: incomplete, narrow, restricted

thorough, inclusive
zealous

syn: fanatical, dedicated, devoted
ant: apathetic, frigid, unenthusiastic

enthusiastic
coerce

syn: intimidate, bully, pressurize
ant: allow, help, free

to force
fair-weather friends
unreliable, they fail one in time of distress
elapse

syn: expire, transpire, vanish

to slip away, go by
meticulous

syn: accurate, strict, precise
ant: careless, negligent, sloppy

careful, detailed
domicile

syn: abode, dwelling, residence
ant: office

home
lax

syn: lenient, vague, derelict
ant: attentive, mindful, careful

careless, negligent
sporadic

syn: infrequent, random, isolated
ant: common, methodical, systematic

occasional
to sow one’s wild oats
to lead a wild, carefree life
rash (adj)

syn: daring, immature, unthinking
ant: afraid, cautious, reasonable

too hasty, reckless
conjecture

syn: opinion, presumption, hypothesis
ant: proof, reality, calculation

guess, speculation
obviate

syn: block, deter, intervene
ant: support, allow, encourage

do away with, eliminate
lurid

syn: ghastly, gory, horrifying
ant: delightful, pleasant, moral

sensational, shocking, gruesome
quip

syn: banter, satire, retort
ant: flattery, praise, seriousness

witty communication, often verbal
windfall
unexpected financial gain
diatribe

syn: tirade, disputation, onslaught
ant: compliment, praise, recommendation

bitter criticism
inhibition

syn: shyness, prevention, reserve
ant: liberation, permission, freedom

restraint, hindrance
fortuitous

syn: haphazard, serendipitous, unforeseen
ant: deliberate, intentional, designed

accidental, lucky
incoherent

syn: jumbled, muddled, disconnected
ant: understandable, coherent, connected

disjointed, unintelligible
ilk

syn: class, denomination, order

kind, sort
to wear one’s heart on one’s sleeve
to make one’s feelings evident
importune

syn: appeal, badger, besiege
ant: aid, assist, answer

ask urgently, demand
incontrovertible

syn: accurate, authentic, established
ant: changeable, questionable, uncertain

undeniable, beyond dispute
surreptitious

syn: sneaking, covert, fraudulent
ant: forthright, honest, truthful

stealthy, accomplished by secret
haven

syn: retreat, sanctuary, shelter

place of safety
subjugate

syn: enslave, overcome, subdue
ant: encourage, fail, surrender

conquer, overpower
to take the bull by the horns
to face a problem directly
ultimate

syn: eventual, terminal, closing
ant: extra, introductory, unnecessary

final, last
eventuate

syn: terminate, result, occur
ant: begin, precede, start

to be the issue or outcome; come about
emit

syn: radiate, spew, transmit
ant: conceal, hide, deny

to give off
subterranean

syn: buried, covered, sunken

underground
viable

syn: feasible, applicable, possible
ant: unlikely, unreasonable, unachievable

practicable, workable
the lion’s share
the major portion
premise

syn: assumption, thesis, proof
ant: denial, reality, rejection

grounds for a conclusion
jeopardize

syn: threaten, hazard, risk
ant: guard, protect, plan

endanger
incredulous

syn: suspicious, doubtful, hesitant
ant: believing, definite, certain

skeptical
permeate

syn: infuse, penetrate, saturate
ant: dehydrate, dry, take out

to spread through
propitious

syn: opportune, encouraging, advantageous
ant: unlucky, unfriendly, inopportune

favorable, full of promise
out of the frying pan into the fire
to go from a difficult situation to a worse one
surmise

syn: assumption, speculation, suspicion
ant: fact, knowledge, certainty

guess, conclusion
curtail

syn: diminish, decrease, abbreviate
ant: develop, enlarge, expand

to cut short
repress

syn: muffle, restrain, suppress
ant: assist, encourage, liberate

to put down, keep back
cryptic

syn: ambiguous, vague, evasive
ant: certain, clear, definite

puzzling, obscure in meaning
inchoate

syn: elementary, formless, immature
ant: developed, grown, mature

in an early stage
to keep the pot boiling
to see that interest doesn’t die down
aspire

syn: crave, strive, yearn
ant: dislike, despise, hate

to strive for
inveigh

syn: berate, condemn, blast
ant: allow, approve, accept

attack verbally, denounce
nettle

syn: exasperate, fret, peeve
ant: appease, comfort, soothe

irritate, provoke
overt

syn: apparent, definite, visible
ant: obscure, concealed, private

open, obvious
relegate

syn: demote, ostracize, displace
ant: allow, welcome, upgrade

assign to an inferior position
to bury the hatchet
to make peace
supine

syn: reclining, horizontal, prone

lying on the back
mammoth

syn: colossal, enormous, gargantuan
ant: insignificant, miniscule, miniature

huge
repulse

syn: failure, refusal, disappointment
ant: attainment, help, enchantement

drive back, rejection
havoc

syn: calamity, catastrophe, devastation
ant: blessing, creation, calm

ruin, chaotic situation
raze

syn: bulldoze, demolish, extinguish
ant: create, construct, restore

destroy
Philadelphia lawyer
a lawyer of outstanding ability
lethal

syn: dangerous, devastating, fatal
ant: harmless, healthy, helpful

deadly
scurry

syn: dart, dash, hurry
ant: slow, walk, loaf

run hastily
incisive

syn: clever, piercing, concise
ant: weak, gentle, incompetent

remarkably clear & direct; sharp; keen; acute
precipitate

syn: accelerate, expedite, dispatch
ant: block, check, halt

to hasten the occurrence of; bring about prematurely, hastily, or suddenly
stereotype

syn: custom, average, mold
ant: difference

unvarying pattern
to gild the lily
to praise extravagantly
stentorian

syn: blaring, resounding, sonorous

very loud
singular

syn: bizarre, peculiar, rare
ant: common, inferior, ordinary

extraordinary, unique, odd
valor

syn: boldness, determination, heroism
ant: meekness, timidity, weakness

courage, bravery
bias

syn: bigotry, intolerance, preconception
ant: fairness, justice, impartiality

prejudice
sinecure
an office or position requiring little or no work
to steal one’s thunder
to weaken one’s position by stating the argument before that person does
complicity

syn: collaboration, involvement, implication
ant: refusal, ignorance, innocence

partnership in wrongdoing
liquidation

syn: clearance, eradication, removal
ant: acceptance, allowance, inclusion

disposal of, killing
accomplice

syn: co-conspirator, collaborator, abettor
ant: antagonist, enemy, adversary

an associate in crime
recant

syn: annul, renounce, retract
ant: accept, corroborate, affirm

withdraw previous statements
culpable

syn: guilty, liable, caught
ant: immune, right, irresponsible

deserving blame
woolgathering
absent-mindedness or daydreaming
abrogate

syn: dissolve, reject, repeal
ant: approve, enact, sanction

abolish, formally put an end to
alleged

syn: suspicious, declared, pretended
ant: certain, definite, sure

reported, supposed
access

syn: approach, door, route
ant: conclusion, outlet

admittance, means of entry
invalidate

syn: abolish, impair, annul
ant: allow, approve, aid

to deprive of legal force, to nullify
preclude

syn: cease, deter, impede
ant: facilitate, assist, encourage

prevent the presence, existence, or occurrence of; make impossible
to whitewash
to conceal defects, to give a falsely virtuous appearance to something
persevere

syn: endure, keep going, persue
ant: cease, discontinue, give up

persist, work hard
landmark (adj)

syn: milestone, watershed, event

historic, turning point of a period
extrinsic

syn: alien, exotic, imported
ant: interior, integral, essential

being outside a thing; outward or external
declaim

syn: declare, lecture, proclaim
ant: be quiet, praise, compliment

speak aloud in an oratorical manner; make a formal speech
fetter (v)

syn: bind, hamper, repress
ant: liberate, release, free

to confine; restrain
to break the ice
to make a start by overcoming initial difficulties
paragon

syn: epitome, original, quintessence
ant: flaw, imperfection, worst

model of excellence
nomadic

syn: drifting, roaming, migrant
ant: native, settled

wandering
asperity

syn: crabbiness, irritability, difficulty
ant: contentment, kindness, politeness

harshness; bad temper
epithet

syn: nickname, title, designation

descriptive name
controversial

syn: disputed, argumentative, questionable
ant: certain, definite, sure

debatable, issue
the grapevine
a secret means of spreading information
virtuosity

syn: knowledge, proficiency, understanding
ant: ignorance, ineptness, misinterpretation

great technical skill
temerity

syn: brass, gall, audacity
ant: humility, modesty, politeness

foolish boldness
amorous

syn: romantic, affectionate, passionate
ant: frigid, hateful, indifferent

full of love
progeny

syn: offspring, lineage, children
ant: parent

descendants
saturate

syn: douse, immerse, permeate
ant: dehydrate, dry, deprive

soak, fill up completely
to have the upper hand
to gain control
perpetrate

syn: execute, act, inflict
ant: leave, stop, halt

commit, to be responsible for
consummate

syn: accomplish, complete, conclude
ant: fail, give up, stop

to bring to a state of perfection; fulfill
subterfuge

syn: trick, ploy, sham
ant: honesty, fairness, openness

ruse, trick
concoct

syn: create, fabricate, hatch
ant: destroy, wreck, neglect

to devise; make up; contrive
fallacious

syn: false, wrong, fictitious
ant: correct, true, real

misleading
to draw in one’s horns
to check one’s anger, to restrain oneself
manifold

syn: assorted, diversified, varied
ant: same, one, single

complex, many
assiduous

syn: diligent, steady, grinding
ant: lethargic, negligent, lazy

devoted, attentive, hard-working
impeccable

syn: exquisite, precise, unblemished
ant: corrupt, flawed, imperfect

faultless, flawless
fraught

syn: charged, stuffed, replete
ant: empty

filled, full of
resourceful

syn: enterprising, ingenious, talented
ant: incompetent, inactive, inept

able to meet any situation
to put the cart before the horse
to reverse the proper order, do things backwards
murky

syn: cloudy, dreary, nebulous
ant: apparent, hopeful, distinct

dark, obscure
component

syn: factor, ingredient, item
ant: whole

element, part
hoax

syn: bamboozle, bluff, dupe
ant: be honest, give

deception, trick
labyrinth

syn: maze, complexity, entanglement
ant: order, simplicity, organization

arrangement of winding passages
evaluate

syn: calculate, estimate, gauge
ant: neglect

appraise, find the value of
to turn the tables
to turn a situation to one’s own advantage
exult

syn: jubilate, celebrate, cheer
ant: conceal, grieve, mourn

rejoice greatly
attest

syn: authenticate, swear, verify
ant: conceal, hide, abstain

to certify
gullible

syn: innocent, green, simple
ant: astute, wise, suspicious

easily cheated/fooled
deploy

syn: expand, extend, utilize
ant: conclude, finish, conceal

to position forces according to a plan
enigma

syn: mystery, puzzle, conundrum

riddle
a chip off the old block
a son who is like his father (from the same block of wood)
abortive

syn: fruitless, futile, ineffective
ant: profitable, productive, complete

useless, failing to succeed
modify

syn: customize, reshape, remodel
ant: disarrange, unfit, stagnate

to change
accommodate

syn: adapt, modify, conform
ant: fight, mismatch, oppose

to make fit, adjust to
spontaneous

syn: impromptu, uncontrived, voluntary
ant: deliberate, planned, premeditated

without preparation, unrehearsed
innate

syn: intrinsic, ingrained, instinctive
ant: acquired, extrinsic, learned

natural
under the wire
just in time
veneer

syn: coat, gloss, whiten
ant: reveal, strip, uncover

thin covering
myriad

syn: endless, infinite, multiple
ant: countable, limited, measurable

countless number
urbane

syn: elegant, cultured, refined
ant: uncouth, uncultured, uncivilized

polished, witty
crave

syn: need, dream, want
ant: dislike, have, spurn

to desire
irrelevant

syn: insignificant, unnecessary, pointless
ant: essential, useful, valuable

not related to the subject
to be at large
not confined or in jail
deem

syn: allow, assume, suppose
ant: ignore, disregard, neglect

believe, to judge
inherent

syn: built-in, internal, genetic
ant: extra, learned, added

existing in someone/thing as a permanent & inseparable element, quality, or attribute
buff (n)

syn: admirer, connoisseur, expert
ant: enemy, ignoramus, opponent

a fan, follower
romp

syn: frolic, prance, frisk

to move in a lively manner
latent

syn: lurking, smoldering, covert
ant: apparent, active, obvious

lying hidden
to go against the grain
to irritate
tortuous

syn: twisting, indirect, meandering
ant: simple, straight, direct

winding
itinerant

syn: nomadic, floating, travelling
ant: settled, permanent

wandering
peregrination

syn: expedition, hiking, journey

travel
conjugal

syn: connubial, wedded, matrimonial

relating to marriage
barometer

syn: weatherglass, storm gauge, pressure indicator

instrument for measuring change
to wink at
to pretend not to see
megalomania

syn: arrogance, boastfulness, bragging
ant: altruism, humility, selflessness

abnormal desire for wealth and power
profligate

syn: extravagant, squandering, lavish
ant: careful, saving, nice

wasteful
strife

syn: animosity, bickering, conflict
ant: accord, harmony, truce

discord, disagreement
legion

syn: countless, populous, voluminous
ant: few, numbered

a large number
coup

syn: overthrow, exploit, overthrow
ant: failure

revolution
to play possum
to try to fool someone; to make believe one is asleep or dead
amnesty

syn: forgiveness, immunity, reprieve

a general pardon
expatriate

syn: evacuee, migrant, refugee

an exile
exonerate

syn: acquit, dismiss, pardon
ant: condemn, employ, punish

to free from guilt
fiat

syn: command, dictate, mandate
ant: denial, opposition, veto

an official order, a decree
mendacious

syn: deceitful, erroneous, false
ant: frank, honest, truthful

lying, untrue
it’s an ill wind that blows nobody good
someone usually benefits from another person’s misfortune
parsimonious

syn: greedy, close, prudent
ant: generous, liberal, lavish

miserly
pecuniary

syn: monetary, banking, economic

financial
dismantle

syn: demolish, destroy, decimate
ant: build, create, restore

to strip of covering, take apart
sumptuous

syn: beautiful, magnificent, elegant
ant: homely, inferior, plain

lavish
underwrite

syn: approve, secure, subsidize
ant: disapprove, deny, veto

agree to finance
to know the ropes
to be fully acquainted with the procedures
restrictive
harsh, confining
balk (v)

syn:flinch, hesitate, resist
ant: accept, face, meet

to refuse to move
blunt

syn: candid, curt, forthright
ant: kind, tactful, polite

plain spoken
nostalgia

syn: sentimentality, remorse, longing

yearning for the past
rife

syn: abundant, plentiful, epidemic
ant: limited, scarce, uncommon

common or frequent occurrence; prevalent; widespread
behind the eight ball
in trouble
reviled

syn: berate, castigate, criticize
ant: compliment, praise, applaud

scolded
derogatory

syn: degrading, sarcastic, slanderous
ant: complimentary, appreciative, flattering

belittling, disparaging
indict

syn: censure, impeach, prosecute
ant: exonerate, free, acquit

accuse
nebulous

syn: ambiguous, murky, uncertain
ant: bright, certain, definite

unclear, vague
pesky

syn: troublesome, vexing, irksome
ant: pleasing, untroubling

annoying
left holding the bag
to be left to suffer the blame
redolent

syn: perfumed, pungent, scented

fragrant
repose (n)

syn: inactivity, stillness, peace
ant: awakening, action, disturbance

state of rest
omnivorous

syn: gluttonous, greedy, ravenous

eating any kind of food
disparate

syn: contrasting, diverse, various
ant: agreeing, alike, same

distinct in kind; essentially different
abstemious

syn: restrained, sparing, frugal
ant: gluttonous, greedy, hungry

moderate in eating or drinking
a lick and a promise
to do something in a hasty and superficial manner
extant

syn: surviving, current, alive
ant: dead, extinct, gone

still existing
vicissitudes

syn: fluctuation, variety, uncertainty
ant: similarity, stability, stagnation

difficulties
edifice

syn: monument, skyscraper, towers

a building, especially one of a large size/imposing appearance
sultry

syn: muggy, sweltering, torrid
ant: cold, frigid, dry

extremely hot and moist, torrid
trenchant

syn: biting, pointed, critical
ant: bland, blunt, dull

keen or incisive, as language or a person
tongue in cheek
insincerely
puissant

syn: forceful, hearty, tough

powerful, might, potent
unabated

syn: persistent, sustained, unstoppable
ant: surrendering, yielding, intermittent

without subsiding
maudlin

syn: romantic, sentimental, weepy
ant: unemotional, calm, pragmatic

sentimental
levity

syn: amusement, giddiness, absurdity
ant: depression, gloom, sense

lightness of disposition, mind and character
lugubrious

syn: mournful, sorrowful, gloomy
ant: cheerful, joyful

very sad
to take the wind out of one’s sails
to remove someone’s advantage
scion

syn: heir, offspring, brood
ant: parent, root, source

child, descendant
indoctrinate

syn: instill, influence, convince
ant: forget, neglect, learn

to teach certain principles
opulence

syn: abundance, affluence, fortune
ant: poverty, deficiency, frugality

wealth, riches
obsequious

syn: submissive, sniveling, spineless
ant: arrogant, brazen, assertive

seeking favor, fawning
fulsome

syn: offensive, inordinate, smooth
ant: reasonable, sincere

excessive, insincere
two stings to one’s bow
two means of achieving one’s aim
lush

syn: abundant, overgrown, lavish
ant: barren, destitute, sparse

luxurious, elaborate
destitution

syn: poverty, privation, want
ant: abundance

extreme poverty
ponder

syn: contemplate, evaluate, mull
ant: discard, ignore, forget

to consider carefully
supplication

syn: petition, plea, request
ant: answer, reply

earnest prayer
decadence

syn: degeneracy, decline, downgrade
ant: development, virtue, upgrade

moral degeneration or decay
on tenter hooks
in a state of anxiety
penance

syn: forgiveness, remorse, repentance
ant: happiness, reward, joy

atonement for sin
ascetic (n)

syn: disciplined, abstaining, strict

one who practices self-denial and devotion
desultory

syn: aimless, haphazard, chaotic
ant: organized, systematic

occurring by chance, disconnected
disciple

syn: cohort, pupil, devotee
ant: detractor, enemy, opponent

follower
metamorphosis

syn: evolution, rebirth, transfiguration
ant: stagnation

change
the fat is in the fire
the mischief is done
bona fide

syn: actual, authentic, legitimate

genuine
salvation

syn: emancipation, redemption, preservation
ant: loss, endangerment, destruction

deliverance from ruin, means of being saved
materialism

syn: pragmatism, utilitarianism, heterodoxy
ant: spiritualism

attention to worldly things and neglect of spiritual needs
like Caesar’s wife
above suspicion
juxtapose

syn: pair, connect, bring together

to place side by side
plight

syn: trouble, circumstances, condition
ant: solution, benefit, advantage

predicament, dangerous situation
covert

syn: undercover, private, concealed
ant: open, public, revealed

secret, hidden
cope

syn: endure, handle, survive
ant: hold, keep, refuse

to be matched for, to be able to handle
incompatibility

syn: animosity, disagreement, opposition
ant: agreement, harmony, peace

quality of being mismated, lack of harmony
plea bargain
to agree to plead guilty to a lesser charge so as to avoid trail for a more serious offense.
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