Cardiovascular Path 2
combined systolic and diastolid hypertension are classified as?
primary hypertension
Primary hypertension is also known as?
essential or idiopathic hypertension
Secondary hypertension may be caused by?
drugs or by any systemic disease process
This HTN is rapidly progressive with a diastolic pressure above 140 mmHg, can cause encephalopathy with cerebral edema and loss of consciousness?
malignant
__________ are used to manage hypertension?
diuretics, angiotensin inhibitors, vascular smooth muscle relaxants and Beta blockers
__________ reduce blood pressure by reducing volume and cardiac output?
diuretics
_________ reduce BP by preventing the vasoconstrictive renin-angiotensin mechanism from acting upon the vascular smooth muscle?
angiotensin inhibitors
_________ lower BP by blocking calcium influx to smooth muscle cells thus promoting vasodilation?
vascular smooth muscle relaxants
___________ prevent receptor binding?
Beta blockers
Renal, endocrine and neurologic disorders, vascular disease and acute stress are some causes of _________?
secondary hypertension
_______________ is a decrease of both systolic and diastolic arterial blood pressure on standing from a reclining or sitting position?
orthostatic or postural
__________ is an out-pouching of a vessel all or cardiac chamber?
aneurysm
___________ aneurysms are usually the result of trauma?
false or saccular
blood clot that stays attached to the wall of a vessel?
thrombus
Detached thrombus?
thromboembolus
Thrombus in a vein?
phlebitis or thrombophlebitis
_______ is the obstruction of a vessel by an embolus or bolus of matter that is circulating in the blood stream?
embolism
___________ is an inflammatory disease of the peripheral arteries occuring in young men who are heavy smokers?
thromboangiitis obliterans AKA Buerger
__________ are attacks of vasospasm in small arteries and arterioles of the fingers and less commonly the toes?
Raynaud phenomenon and Raynaud disease
The most common cause of this disease is bronchogenic cancer followed by lymphomas andmetastasis of other cancers?
superior vena cava synrome
The most common cause of myocardial ischemia?
atherosclerosis
__________ is temporary ischemia, and occurs during exertion?
angina
__________ is advanced ischemia and occurs at rest?
unstable angina
__________ is a vasospasm and occurs at night and at rest?
Prinzmetal angina
Two types of MI?
non-Q and Q-wave
___________ is the most common type of arrhythmia?
atrial fibrillation
___________ is rapid regular atrial contractions occurring usually at rates between 250-330 per minute?
atrial flutter
dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive are types of ?
cardiomyopathy
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