Allows each state to design own standards and evaluation system.
Adequate Yearly Progress; Requires students to show demonstrated progress in statewide tests toward meeting state standards.
Why is an understanding of different teaching and learning environments important for beginning teachers?
These environments present different opportunities and challenges.
A. Match the following to either rural, urban, or suburban schools:
1. Employ more than 1/5 of our nation’s teachers.
2. Children of well-educated professionals in high-tech industries.
3. Results in lots of stereotypes.
4. Smaller than other schools and districts.
5. Families tend to select neighborhoods based on school district reputation.
6. Students tend to come to school with more needs than advantaged students.
7. Growing tax base.
8. Mostly cultural minorities.
9. Tend to offer salary bonuses, support for housing, moving expenses.
10. Stiff competition for jobs, especially for beginning teachers.
11. Large schools.
12. Average of 77 students.
13. Beginner teachers more likely to get first job offer here.
14. Low student-teacher ratio.
15. Lots of poverty.
16. Tend to be less culturally diverse, but rapidly changing.
17. Culturally diverse.
18. Least prepared teachers; poor educators.
19. Teaching here considered highly desirable.
20. Most of the highest achieving school districts in our nation found here.
21. Latin American and Asians dominate.
22. Low academic standards, few resources, lack of parental support.
23. Smaller class size and greater access to resources.
24. Most challenging area to teach in.
25. Poverty is usually an issue.
26. Small percentage of minorities.
Name the advantages and disadvantages of teaching in a rural district.
Strong sense of community.
Communication with parents often easier.
Make innovations and change easier to accomplish.
May not offer all the services found in larger school districts.
Define “reform” in terms of education.
When did the reform on US education begin?
What caused the reform?
What term was coined from this and what does it mean?
What are the three prominent current reform efforts?
Name the 5 reforms on teacher preparation.
Suggested changes in teaching and teacher preparation intended to increase student learning.
The NCEE suggested that America was at risk of being unable to compete in the world economic marketplace because our system of education is inadequate.
“at-risk” students: students that are unlikely to acquire the knowledge and skills needed for success in our modern technological society
standards, test-based accountability, and choices for alternative schools and vouchers
Raising standards for admission into teacher training programs. Requiring teachers to take more rigorous courses. Requiring higher standards for licensure. Expanding teacher preparation programs to 5 years. Requiring experienced teachers to take more rigorous professional-developed courses.
Summarize the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.
Name the three main points in Obama’s first major budget proposal.;
Intended to provide short-term help to beleagured states and districts feeling the financial effects of major recession.
School improvement programs targeting underperforming schools. Teacher improvement grants to school districts to develop performance-pay programs. Federal matching funds to encourage districts to develop pre-K programs.
When did teacher testing begin and with what “subject”?
What is PRAXIS?
What is the;four things it tests/measures?
Comprehensive teacher test
Measures basic skills in reading, writing, and math that all teachers need. Measures teachers’ knowledge in subject area and professional knowledge. Observe teachers to assess ability to plan, instruct, manage, and understand professional responsibility. Tests teachers’ sensitivity to learners’ developmental and cultural differences.
What are the 5 reasons critics say the teacher tests are invalid?
It’s difficult for a test to measure teacher competency. Tests are invalid because some items are ambiguous. Performance on a test doesn’t guarentee performance in the classroom. Cutoff scores are based more on demand for new teachers than for measure of minimal teacher competency. The tests penalize cultural minorities and nonnative speakers that rely on verbal skills that may or may not influence teaching effectiveness.
What are the 4 arguments for advocates of the teacher test?
What is the percentage of public school teachers that support the test?
The tests are necessary because of the uneven quality of teacher education programs. Tests are fair and eliminate evaluator bias. Teachers’ verbal ability is strongly correlated with student learning. Economical and cost effective.
What is the KERA and when was it passed?
Why did the Kentucky Supreme Court declare the state’s system of funding public schools to be unconstitutional?
Why is the KERA important?
Kentucky Education Reform Act; 1989
There were funding disparities between rich and poor schools.
It was the precursor to NCLB act.
What are the two major differences between the KERA and the NCLB act?
state vs. federal; KERA didn’t rely soley on testing and accountability to imporve education.
What is a credentials file?
What does it typically include? (6)
A collection of important documents teachers submit when they apply for teaching positions.
Background information about you, your resume, type of position sought, courses taken, performance evaluations by your directing teacher and college or university supervisor during internship, and letters of recommendation (usually 3 or more).