Chapter 1

Name the two types of rewards you can get through teaching. Define each and give an example of each.

 

Name 2 types of intrinsic rewards.

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Extrinsic (outside rewards; summer vacation and job security), Intrinsic (existing within oneself and personally satisfying; seeing children progress)

 

emotional and intellectual

Name the five major causes for complexity in the classroom.
Unpredictable classrooms; classrooms are multidimensional; classroom events are simultaneous; classroom events are immediate; classrooms are public.
What does TEKS stand for?
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills
What a code of ethics?
Commitment to students and commitment to the profession.
What is the difference between a job and work?
Your job is how you make money; your work is how you contribute to the world.
Name the 5 complexities of a classroom.
Classrooms are multidimensional; Classroom events are simultaneous; classroom events are immediate; classrooms are unpredictable; classrooms are public.
What are the three most important roles in teaching? Which is the most important?
Creating productive learning environments; working with parents and other caregivers; collaborating with colleagues.

What are the two major challenges in teaching?

 

Identify the four most commonly cited reasons people give for entering teaching.

complexities of classrooms and multiple roles of teaching

 

(in order) desire to work with youth; would like to contribute to society; opportunity for a lifetime of self-growth; interest in subject matter

What are the four characteristics of professionalism?
Specialized body of knowledge, autonomy, emphasis on decision making and reflection, ethical standards for conduct
What are the five forms of specialized body of knowledge?
knowledge of content; pedagogical content knowledge; general pedagogical knowledge; knowledge of learners and learning; knowledge of profession

What is autonomy?

 

What are the three things the state controls in education?

 

What do teachers control?

The capacity to control one’s own professional life.

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curriculum, assessment, standards

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What is taught; how they teach; how students are assessed.

Define standards.
Statements specifying what students should know and be able to do upon completing an area of study.

Define reflection.

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Why is this an advantage for a teacher? (2)

The act of thinking about and developing your actions

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Improves your teaching and helps develop as a professional.

1.Define ethics.

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2. What are the two things critics site for teachers not being professionals?

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3. How do the primary arguments for and against teacher professionalism balance each other out?

1. Sets of moral standards for acceptable professional behavior.

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2. lack of rigorous training; lack of autonomy

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3. Although the rigor of training isn’t great, it is increasing. The current autonomy is restricted, but still have considerable autonomy in the classroom.

Name the three types of diversity in the classroom.
socioeconomic status; mature learners vs. slower developing; personality differences
Define socioeconomic status.
The combination of parents’ income, level of education, and jobs they have.

Summarize the No Child Left Behind Act in one setence.

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What two things did this affect positively?

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What power did it give the states over education?

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Define AYP.

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Law passed in 2001 that requires states to report student progress in terms of ethnic, cultural, and socioeconomic background.

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Increased professionalism; improved teacher quality

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Allows each state to design own standards and evaluation system.

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Adequate Yearly Progress; Requires students to show demonstrated progress in statewide tests toward meeting state standards.

Why is an understanding of different teaching and learning environments important for beginning teachers?
These environments present different opportunities and challenges.

A. Match the following to either rural, urban, or suburban schools:

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1. Employ more than 1/5 of our nation’s teachers.

2. Children of well-educated professionals in high-tech industries.  

3. Results in lots of stereotypes.

4. Smaller than other schools and districts.

5. Families tend to select neighborhoods based on school district reputation.

6. Students tend to come to school with more needs than advantaged students.

7. Growing tax base.

8. Mostly cultural minorities.

9. Tend to offer salary bonuses, support for housing, moving expenses.

10. Stiff competition for jobs, especially for beginning teachers.

11. Large schools.

12. Average of 77 students.

13. Beginner teachers more likely to get first job offer here.

14. Low student-teacher ratio.

15. Lots of poverty.

16. Tend to be less culturally diverse, but rapidly changing.

17. Culturally diverse.

18. Least prepared teachers; poor educators.

19. Teaching here considered highly desirable.

20. Most of the highest achieving school districts in our nation found here.

21. Latin American and Asians dominate.

22. Low academic standards, few resources, lack of parental support.

23. Smaller class size and greater access to resources.

24. Most challenging area to teach in.

25. Poverty is usually an issue.

26. Small percentage of minorities.

 

Name the advantages and disadvantages of teaching in a rural district.

1. urban

2. suburban

3. urban

4. rural

5. suburban

6. urban

7. suburban

8. urban

9. urban

10. urban

11. urban

12. rural

13. urban

14. rural

15. urban

16. rural

17. suburban

18. urban

19. suburban

20. suburban

21. rural

22. urban

23. suburban

24. urban

25. rural

26. rural

 

Advantages:

Strong sense of community.

Communication with parents often easier.

Make innovations and change easier to accomplish.

Disadvantages:

May not offer all the services found in larger school districts.

Define “reform” in terms of education.

 

When did the reform on US education begin?

 

What caused the reform?

 

What term was coined from this and what does it mean?

 

What are the three prominent current reform efforts?

 

Name the 5 reforms on teacher preparation.

Suggested changes in teaching and teacher preparation intended to increase student learning.

 

1983

 

The NCEE suggested that America was at risk of being unable to compete in the world economic marketplace because our system of education is inadequate.

 

“at-risk” students: students that are unlikely to acquire the knowledge and skills needed for success in our modern technological society

 

standards, test-based accountability, and choices for alternative schools and vouchers

 

Raising standards for admission into teacher training programs. Requiring teachers to take more rigorous courses. Requiring higher standards for licensure. Expanding teacher preparation programs to 5 years. Requiring experienced teachers to take more rigorous professional-developed courses.

Summarize the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

 

Name the three main points in Obama’s first major budget proposal.;

Intended to provide short-term help to beleagured states and districts feeling the financial effects of major recession.

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School improvement programs targeting underperforming schools. Teacher improvement grants to school districts to develop performance-pay programs. Federal matching funds to encourage districts to develop pre-K programs.

When did teacher testing begin and with what “subject”?

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What is PRAXIS?

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What is the;four things it tests/measures?

1840; morals

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Comprehensive teacher test

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Measures basic skills in reading, writing, and math that all teachers need. Measures teachers’ knowledge in subject area and professional knowledge. Observe teachers to assess ability to plan, instruct, manage, and understand professional responsibility. Tests teachers’ sensitivity to learners’ developmental and cultural differences.

What are the 5 reasons critics say the teacher tests are invalid?

 

It’s difficult for a test to measure teacher competency. Tests are invalid because some items are ambiguous. Performance on a test doesn’t guarentee performance in the classroom. Cutoff scores are based more on demand for new teachers than for measure of minimal teacher competency. The tests penalize cultural minorities and nonnative speakers that rely on verbal skills that may or may not influence teaching effectiveness.

What are the 4 arguments for advocates of the teacher test?

 

What is the percentage of public school teachers that support the test?

The tests are necessary because of the uneven quality of teacher education programs. Tests are fair and eliminate evaluator bias. Teachers’ verbal ability is strongly correlated with student learning. Economical and cost effective.

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77%

What is the KERA and when was it passed?

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Why did the Kentucky Supreme Court declare the state’s system of funding public schools to be unconstitutional?

 

Why is the KERA important?

Kentucky Education Reform Act; 1989

 

There were funding disparities between rich and poor schools.

 

It was the precursor to NCLB act.

What are the two major differences between the KERA and the NCLB act?
state vs. federal; KERA didn’t rely soley on testing and accountability to imporve education.

What is a credentials file?

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What does it typically include? (6)

A collection of important documents teachers submit when they apply for teaching positions.

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Background information about you, your resume, type of position sought, courses taken, performance evaluations by your directing teacher and college or university supervisor during internship, and letters of recommendation (usually 3 or more).

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