Chapter 13 section 1
Middle Ages
the time in European history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance (from about 500 a.d. to about 1350): sometimes restricted to the later part of this period (after 1100) and sometimes extended to 1450 or 1500.
Monastery
a house or place of residence occupied by a community of persons, especially monks, living in seclusion under religious vows.
Secular
of or pertaining to worldly things or to things that are not regarded as religious, spiritual, or sacred; temporal: secular interests
Franks
a member of a group of ancient Germanic peoples dwelling in the regions of the Rhine, one division of whom, the Salians, conquered Gaul about a.d. 500, founded an extensive kingdom,
Charlemagne
( “Charles the Great” ), a.d. 742–814, king of the Franks 768–814; as Charles I, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 800–814.
Vassel
(in the feudal system) a person granted the use of land, in return for rendering homage, fealty, and usually military service or its equivalent to a lord or other superior; feudal tenant.
Knight
a mounted soldier serving under a feudal superior in the Middle Ages.
Serf
a person in a condition of servitude, required to render services to a lord, commonly attached to the lord’s land and transferred with it from one owner to another.
Manor
the manor house of a lord and the lands attached to it
Tithe
the tenth part of agricultural produce or personal income set apart as an offering to God or for works of mercy, or the same amount regarded as an obligation or tax for the support of the church, priesthood, or the like.
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