Chapter 2
comprehensive high school
The most common form of high school in the United States, designed to offer a range of preparation programs, including college preparation and vocational education.
culture
A group that shares beliefs about what is right and wrong, and what is good and bad; it also includes the dominant ideas, stories and myths, artistic works, social habits, organizations, and language of the group.
democratic reconstructionists
Subscribers to an education perspective that focuses on developing students who are prepared to make positive changes in a democracy.
economic reconstructionists
Subscribers to an educational perspective or motivation that focuses on developing students who take a critical stance toward the dominant social and economic status quo.
education
The process by which humans develop their minds, their skills, and their character. It is a lifelong process marked by continual development and change.
effective schools
Schools that provide a significantly better education (usually measured by student test scores) for much larger percentages of their students than do most schools serving similar student populations.
school cultures
The prevailing mores, values, and rituals that permeate a school.
schooling
Formal instruction typically conducted in an institution, adhering to standardized practices.
social reconstructionists
Proponents of the theory of education that schools and teachers need to engage in the reconstructing and reforming of society to eradicate its ills and shortcomings.
socialization
The general process of social learning whereby children learn the many things they must know to become acceptable members of society.
society
A grouping of individuals bound together by a variety of connections, such as shared geographic space, similar racial features, or a shared culture.
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