Chapter 4
Give an example of a renewable resource.
Wind, H2O, Solar Energy
Renewable resources are _______.
replenished over short term of span
Give an example of a nonrenewable resource?
coal, copper, uranium, gold
What are the stage of development of coal?
peat, lignite, bituminous, anthrocite
Placer deposits form when ______.
eroded minerala settle quickly from movind H2O while less dense particles remain suspended & continue to move
What is a nonmetallic mineral resource?
mined at a profit
Give an advantage of solar energy.
free & non-polluting
Hydroelectric power is produced by ____.
falling H2O drives turbines that produce electricity
What is the source of geothermal energy?
harnessed by tapping natural underground reservoirs of steam and hot H2O
How is tidal power harnessed?
constructing a dam across mouth of a bay or estuary in coastal areas with large tidal ranges
What is an example of a non-point source of fresh water pollution?
What They Are: Nitrogen Oxides 14.8%, Volatile Organics 13.6%, Sulfur Oxides 16.4%,and Carbon Dioxide 49.1%

Where They Come From: Stationary Source Fuel Combustion 27.3%, Industrial Process 15.0%, Solid Waste Disposal 2.5%, Miscellaneous 9.0%, and Transportation 46.2%

According to Figure 4-2, what is the single largest source of air pollutants?
CO
One way that mining for mineral resources damages the land is by _____.
Destroying Soil
In which decade were the first important laws passed to decrease water pollution?
1974
The Clean Water Act is ______.
Reduce point source pollution into surface H2O
What is the most important law passed to deal with air pollution?
Clean Air Act 1970
The fuel for nuclear fission in nuclear reactors is ______.
Uranium
Wind power generates ____.
Noise Pollution
What is the function of the atmosphere’s ozone layer?
Sheild Earth from harmful solar radiation
Fosssil fuels are _______ resources.
Nonrenewable
Coal,petroleum, and nautural gas are _______.
Fossil Fuels
A(n) _________ is a useful metallic mineralo that can be mined at a profit.
Ore
Winds fams are used to produce _________.
Electricity
The ________ Act requires industries to reduce or eliminate the release of point source pollution into surface waters.
Clean H2O
The nation’s most important air pollution law is the _______ Act.
Clean Air
The element ________ is used in nuclear fission to produce energy.
Uranium
Explain the difference between renewable and nonrenewable resources.
Renewable: Can be made in years
Nonrenewable: Can be made in millions of years
Beginning with plant material, list the successive stages of coal development.
Peat ; lignite ; sub-bituminous ; anthracite
List two of the advantages of solar energy.
saves you money, low/no maintenance
List the advantafes and disadvantages of wind as a source of electricity.
it saves energy but creates noise pollution
Contrast point source pollution and nonpoint source pollution.
point source you can find where it is, nonpoint you can’t
How could energy conservation help to control or decrease air, water, and land pollution?
most of our energy comes from burning fossil fuels, burning fossil fuels pollutes the air by putting all soot of noxious gases in it as well as greenhouse gases which affect the climate.
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