Chapter 5 Understanding Reading Problems
Assessing reading fluency is most simply measured by
counting the number of words children read per minute, minus the errors.
The measure Words Correctly Read per Minute is calculated using this formula
(125- 5) x 60/60 = 120 x 60/60 = 120 WCPM p151
Reading fluency consists not only of speed and correctness but
of reading with expression and proper phrasing.
Developing reading fluency should include these 4 emphases:
1. Model good oral reading
2. Provide oral support for readers
3. Offer plenty of practice opportunities
4. Encourage fluency through phrasing
To introduce the very concept of fluent oral reading by demonstrating
disfluent reading, then fluent reading.
Multidimensional Fluency scale
Expression and volume
Phrasing
Smoothness
Pace
p 153
Qualities of fluent reading
Thinking about the message vs pronouncing the words
Varies voice between loud/soft, faster/slower
groups words meaningfully
shows emotion, enjoyment, surprise, excitement
Provide oral support for reading with
choral reading
paired reading
recorded texts
p154
Provide practice in oral reading by
rereading
Rereading integration with
read silently before oral reading
encourage oral rereading for real purpose
rereading as seatwork, independent or for free reading periods
use buddy reading
take home to read to family members
revisit old favorites
listen to recorded material, then imitate and read alone
act out stories with readers theater with scripts to read
use choral reading and perform
p 155
Repeated reading for fluency refers to a
systematic practice of using timed oral rereadings to develop reading fluency p 155
Repeated reading steps 1-7
figure 5.7 on page 156
Predictable books have a
rhyming or repetitious element that makes them easy to read
Easy readers
are book that children can read to themselves p159
High interest/low reading level books and magazines
books have limited vocabulary and sentence length p 159-160
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