Chapter 8 Flashcards
North Wartime Strategies
naval blockade of confederate ports, ironclads, inflict high casualties on the battle field, anaconda plan, lay waste to southern civilian property so they wont want to fight.
South Wartime Strategies
blockade runners, swift raiders, and submarines, wear down union armies, inflict high casualties on battlefield, kind cotton diplomacy
Abraham Lincoln
president of the Union, wrote the Emancipation Proclamation, and they Gettysburg Address
Jefferson Davis
president of the C.S.A
Andrew Johnson
VP of the Union
Clara Barton
founder of the American Red Cross
Loretta Velazquez
Latino woman disguised herself as a C.S.A officer and fought in civil war with her husband, later was a confederate spy
Johnny Reb
Union nickname for a C.S.A soldier
Robert Toombs
Georgian Secretary or State for C.S.A
Alexander Stephans
Georgian VP of the C.S.A
William T. Sherman
Union general who led the infamous “Sherman’s March to the Sea” from Atlanta to Savannah which cause mass destruction in GA
David Farragut
first Latino Rear Admiral in U.S naval history; hero of the battle of Mobile, AL
Billy Yank
Confederate nickname for a Union soldier
Emancipation Proclamation: Date issued & date went into effect
September 1862 & January 1, 1863
Emancipation Proclamation: author
Abraham Lincoln
Emancipation Proclamation: what did it state?
if the south would surrender, they could keep their slaves. However, if they chose to keep fighting, on January 1, 1863, all slaves in the Southern states would be considered free.
Emancipation Proclamation: The south’s response
they chose to continue fighting
Surrender of the South: location
Appomattox Court House, Virginia; April 9, 1865
Surrender of the South: commanding officers
Robert E. Lee (C.S.A) Ulysses S. Grant (U.S)
Surrender of the South: conditions
unconditional surrender by the south; north would set the terms
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