Chapter Four
neo-Malthusians
Those who believe that the world is characterized by scarcity and competition in which too may people fight for too few resources. Named for Thomas Malthus, who predicted a dismal cycle of mistery, vice, and starvation as a result of human overpopulation. (78)
Demography
Encompasses vital statistics about people, such as births, deaths, and where they live, as well as total population size.
Crude Birth Rate
The number of births in a year per thousand persons. (81)
Total Fertility Rate
Number of children born to an average woman in a population during her entire reproductive life. (81)
Total Fertility Rate
Number of children born to an average woman in a population during her entire reproductive life.
Zero Population Growth (ZPG)
Birth plus immigration in a society equals death plus emigration. (81)
Crude Death Rates
The number of deaths per thousan persons in a given year. (82)
Life expectancy
The average age that a newborn infant can expect to attain in any given society. (83)
Pronatalist Pressures
Factors that increase people’s desires to have babies.
Demographic Transitions
A pattern of falling death rates and birth rates in response to imporved living conditions; could be reversed in deteriorating conditions. (86)
Demographic Transitions
A pattern of falling death rates and birth rates in response to imporved living conditions; could be reversed in deteriorating conditions. (86)
Family Planning
Allows couples to determine the number and spacing of their children. (88)
Birth contorl
Any method used to reduce births. (89)
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