Child Developement Ch. 8 9 10
Why does synaptic pruning occur during Early Childhood?
Neuroimaging shows that the brain metabolism reaches it max at the age of 4. It results in high energy needs. Neurons that are seldom used lose fibers and die
Explain changes in sleep patterns and nutrition
Between the age of 2 and 3 need 12-13 hours of sleep
Age 4-6 need 10 to 11 hours of sleep
Nutrition- Decline in appetite is normal, children imitate the eating habits of people they admire.
What has impacted child immunizations the most?
Name 3 things that enhance childhood motor skills the most?
Physical environment, Daily routines, social climate
Why are organized sports/lessons so important to children?
Because social experiences contribute to gains in emotional understanding
Why is this time in life referred to as the vigorous unfolding?
Because the child is developing their own personality.
Explain how initiative and guilt can impact a child’s learning
If the child possess initiative they will be able and want to try new things, If the child has been made to feel ashamed then they will not want to try new things because they will be afraid of failing.
Name ways that students might practice self regulation.
Self talk , change in goals
Name the three step sequence of peer sociability proposed by Parten and be able to define the 4 types of social play a child might exhibit.
The 3 step sequence of peer sociability proposed by Parten is
1. Nonsocial Activity- onlooker solitary play
2.Associative Play-seperate w/minimal interaction
3. Cooperative Play- Playing with others on the same product.

4 types of social play a child might exhibit are

How does operant conditioning impact student discipline.
Provides reinforcement for positive behavior and
Name two types of aggression
Hostile and instrumental aggression
Name two types of hostile aggression
Overt- Harms others through physical injury

Relational Aggression- harming others by spreading rumors.

How would you propose the change the cycle of aggression in children
I would recommend family therapy, limit tv viewing, reduce tension and conflict in the house
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