Child Development Ch 1

Child Development Ch 1

Historical Views of Children and Childhood Plato and Aristotle believed that schools & parents had the responsibility of teaching children self-control both, perticularly Aristotle, believed too much discipline stifled a child’s initiative and individuality   Plato argued that children’s sensory experience simply trigger knowledge they’be had since birth Aristotle denied the existence of innate knowledge. He theiorized that knowledge is rooted in perceptual experience. Children acquire knowledge based on information provided by their sense. John Locke (1632-1704) Portrayed infants as tabula rasa or “blank slate” claimed that experience molds the infant, child adolescent, adult into a unique individual. believed parents should instruct, reward and discipline children, gradually relaxing contrul as they get older. Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) believed newborns have innate sense of justice and morality that unfolds natturally as children grow. children move through stages – infancy, childhood, and adolescence. instead of discipline, parents should be receptive ; responsive to children’s needs 2 events set the stage for the development […]

Child Development

What is our basic genetic endowment and how can human development go awry? *Child recieves 23 csomes from each parent*Gregor Mendel discovered genetics*Genes can become physically damaged or may mutate*Genetic counselors perform tests to find potentially genetic abnormalities. How do the environment and genetics work together to determine human characteristics? *Genetically based traits that form a possibility are genotype.*Ultimate expression is then phenotype Which human characteristics are significantly influenced by heredity? *Interaction of Nature vs. Nurture*Intelligence can be related to genetics but also environment*Neuroticism and extroversion What happens during the prenatal stages of development? *Union of sperm and ovum*Infertility in 15%*Germinal Stage (fert-2 weeks)*Embryonic stage (2-8)*Fetal (8 weeks-birth) What are the threats to the fetal environment, and what can be done about them? *diet*age*illness*drug*alcohol*tobacco

Child Development Test 2

Physical Development four main areas Gross Motor Flexibility Balance Agility Force Physical Development Fine motor     organization detail in drawings more refined legible handwriting linked with cognitive growth     Rough and Tumble Play       Some parent control has hurt rough and tumble play   It is a physical and social thing for boys   Key Physical Developmental Aspect in Middle Childhood     Refinement Why have obesity rates risen lack of knowledge tendency to buy high fat low cost foods family stress (overeating) impact of obesity on child’s health and overall development ; physical attractiveness socially isolated high emotional social and school difficulties more behavior problems can lead to serious disorders (defiance aggression and depression) girls-early puberty ; Cognitive Development Concrete Operational Stage 7-11 years old More logical, flexible, and organized Decentration ; ; focusing on several aspects of a problem and relating them rather than centering on just one Reversability ; ; capacity to think […]

Child Development Test #1

• Physical development includes the biological changes that occur in the body, including changes in size and strength, as well as the integration of sensory and motor activities. It involves the development of both fine motor skills and gross motor skills. • Cognitive development includes changes in the way we think, understand, and reason about the worlds. It includes the accumulation of knowledge as well as the way we use that information for problem solving and decision making. • Social-emotional development includes all the ways that we connect to other individuals, as well as the ways we understand our emotions and the emotions of others. It includes learning how to interact effectively with others and how to regulate our emotions. • Qualitative change changes in the overall nature of what you are examining • Quantitative change: changes in the amount of what you are measuring-Children get taller, learn more words, acquire more factual knowledge • Achievement and ability tests measure […]

Child Development Terms

Autosomes The 22 matching chromosome pairs in each human cell Analgesics A mild pain relieving drug Allele Each of two forms of a gene located at the same place on the autosomes Anesthetics A strong painkilling drug that blocks sensation Breech Position A postion of the baby in the uterus that would cause the buttocks or feet to be delivered first Chromosomes Rodlike structures in the cell nucleus that store and transmit genetic information Codominance A pattern of inheritance in which both alleles in a heterozygous combination are expressed Dilation Widening and thinning of the cervix during the first stage of labor Dominant-Recessive A pattern of inheritcane in which, under heterozygous conditions the influence of only one allele is apparent Dizygotic Derived from two seperately fertilized eggs Episiotomy An incision into the perenium and vagina to allow sufficient clearance for birth Forceps Metal clamps placed around a baby’s head and used to pull out the infant from the birth canal […]

Child Development – Ch4 BSSHS

hormones chemicals in body that produce physical changes during the sexual maturation process peer pressure the influence of other teens or peers sexuality refers to a person’s view of himself or herself as being male or female- the regard one has for the responsibility of understyanding the other sex as well as himself/herself STD an illness spread from one person to another by sexual contact abstinence to avoid sexual activity contraception devices that aid in the prevention of pregnancy closed adoption this type of adoption does not allow the birth parents to know the names of the adoptive parents open adoption this type of adoption allows the birth parents to know and possibly meet the adoptive parents miscarriage difficulties durring the pregnancy that cause a spontaneous abortion or termination consequence the results that come from a decision or choice that was made- can be either positive or negative paternity legal identification of a male as the father of a child […]

Child Developement Ch. 8 9 10

Why does synaptic pruning occur during Early Childhood? Neuroimaging shows that the brain metabolism reaches it max at the age of 4. It results in high energy needs. Neurons that are seldom used lose fibers and die Explain changes in sleep patterns and nutrition Between the age of 2 and 3 need 12-13 hours of sleepAge 4-6 need 10 to 11 hours of sleepNutrition- Decline in appetite is normal, children imitate the eating habits of people they admire. What has impacted child immunizations the most? Name 3 things that enhance childhood motor skills the most? Physical environment, Daily routines, social climate Why are organized sports/lessons so important to children? Because social experiences contribute to gains in emotional understanding Why is this time in life referred to as the vigorous unfolding? Because the child is developing their own personality. Explain how initiative and guilt can impact a child’s learning If the child possess initiative they will be able and want to […]

Child D Semester Final

growth proceeds from (3) *toe to head*outside to in*simple to complex Five examples of hand-eye coordination *playing catch*drawing*musical instrument*cutting*puzzle Development miilestones from baby to toddler physcal: walk, climb, run; bigger; feed self, can do things by themselvesmental: can babble, listens/interprets speech Babinski reflex toes spread out wierd rooting reflex sucking motion (for breastfeeding) grasping reflex baby holds onto things that touch its hands moro/startle reflex cries and opens and contracts body when startled Piaget’s preschool development stage Pre-Operational object permanence objects continue to exist even when they cannot be seen, heard, or touched dramatic play make believe classification sort objects into groups by common feature seriation arrange things in meaningful order conservation visual measurements

Chelsie Griffith’s Plants and How They Grow Flash Cards

System Consists of parts that work together. deciduous Trees that loose their leaves. pollinate  to give (a plant) pollen from another plant of the same kind so that seeds will be produced Coniferous a bush or tree (such as a pine) that produces cones and that usually has leaves that are green all year seed leaf Provides food for a sprouting new plant. germinate To begin to grow. seedling A young plant that is grown from seed. fossil Is the remains or mark of a living thing from long ago. extinct Many kinds of plants or animals that lived long ago are no longer alive. Scattered placed or found far apart

Che cosa prendi?

acqua minerale asvanyviz amaretto mandulalikor analcolico alkoholmentes koktel aranciata narancsle birra sor brioche reggeli edes peksutemeny caffe kave caffe macchiato kave egy keves tejhabbal cappuccino cappuccino cioccolata calda forro csokolade cornetto croissant granita jegkasa latte macchiato kave sok tejjel limoncello citromlikor panino szendvics prosecco habzobor spremuta di arancia frissen facsart narancsle spumante pezsgo strudel retes succo di frutta gyumolcsle te tea te freddo jeges tea toast melegszendvics tramezzino haromszog alaku szendvics vino bianco feherbor vino rosso vorosbor Prendi qualcosa? Eszel / Iszol valamit? Si, volentieri. Igen, orommel. No, grazie. Nem, koszonom. Che cosa prendi? Mit kersz / iszol / eszel? Un prosecco, grazie. Egy habzobort, koszonom. Prendo una birra. Egy sort iszom. Prego. Szivesen. E tu? Es te? Benissimo. Nagyszeru. Alla salute! Egeszsegedre! / Egeszsegunkre! Cin cin! Proszit!

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