Ecology Terms
ECOSYSYEM
A community of living organisms (plants, animals and microbes) in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment.
ECOLOGY
The study of ecosystems
SPECIES
Organisms that can reproduce with each other, and their offspring can also reproduce.
POPULATION
All the organisms of the same species in a given area at a given time.
COMMUNITY
All the living organisms in a specific area (plants, animals, microbes) in a given area at a specific time.
BIOSPHERE
All the areas on planet that can sustain life.
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Most producers use this process to convert light energy along with water and carbon dioxide to make food for the entire ecosystem.
BACTERIA
What the B in F.B.I. stands for.
HERBIVORE
Another name for a 1st order consumer.
CARNIVORE
Another name for a 2nd, 3rd, or 4th order consumer. (meat eater)
ABIOTIC
Non-living factors like light and temperature that affect the ecosystem.
BIOTIC
Living factors in the environmnet.
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Biological process that produces oxygen for the entire planet.
TURBIDITY
A measurement of how clear or murky water is.
pH Scale
Scale that is used to measure how acidic or basic a water solution is.
NEUTRAL
A water solution that has a pH of 7 is considered this.
ACID
A water solution that has a pH of less than 7 is considered this.
BASE
A water solution that has a pH of more than 7 is considered this.
DECOMPOSERS
Fungi, Bacteria, and Invertebrates that help breakdown and recycle nutrients are called this.
OMNIVORE
Organisms that eat both plants and animals
FOOD CHAIN
A simple diagram that shows how energy is passed through an ecosystem.
FOOD WEB
A series of inter-connected food chains
CHLOROPHYLL
Green pigment fthat can be found in plants and algae that is required for photosynthesis.
Milo
Name of a “cool cat”
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
Process by which energy is released from food within the cells of all organisms.
F.B.I.
The major group of decomposers, Fungi, Bacteria, and Invertebrates
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