Env Finals 18
____________________ is the state of the atmosphere at a given place and time, characterized by temperature and precipitation, for example.
weather
____________________ is a composite of weather patterns from season to season, averaged over many years.
climate
____________________ is the reflectivity of a surface.
albedo
Carbon dioxide and methane can trap heat in the Earth’s atmosphere and are therefore known as ____________________ gases.
greenhouse
____________________ is the transport of heat by collisions between atoms and molecules.
conduction
____________________ is the transport of heat by currents in liquids or gases.
convection
The Earth’s surface emits ____ radiation.
low energy in fared
The ____ is the entire range of radiation of different wavelengths and frequencies.
electromagnetic spectrum
About ____ percent of the incoming solar radiation reaches Earth’s surface.
50
____ is the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1°C.
specific heat
____ plays an important role in heat transfer and storage because it commonly occurs naturally on Earth in all three states: solid, liquid, and gas.
water
____ absorbs infrared radiation in the atmosphere.
carbon dioxide
When a substance changes from one state to another, ____ heat is absorbed or released.
lantent
When an object absorbs radiation, the:
photons disappear and are converted to another form of energy
The region of the globe directly beneath the Sun is warmer because it receives:
the most concentrated radiation
The most important greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are:
water vapor, carbon dioxide, and methane
T/F The Earth emits higher energy radiation than the Sun does.
False
T/F The Earth emits higher energy radiation than the Sun does.
False
T/F Clouds warm the Earth’s surface at night.
True
On the ____________________, every portion of the globe receives 12 hours of sunlight and 12 hours of darkness.
Equinox
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