Envirothon
What is the largest hunted animal in PA?
black bear
How large is the adult black bear?
50-85 inches; 140-400 lbs
What are male and female black bears called?
males are boars; females are sows
How do bears walk?
shuffling and flat footed
How many toes do black bears have?
5 with a curved claw
Why do bears stand on their hind feet?
to see and smell better
How fast can bears run?
30 mph is top speed for short distances
How good are a bear’s senses?
good sense of smell; poor vision; poor hearing
How do bears find food?
mainly by scent
Are bears nocturnal?
yes
How do bears feel about people?
alert and wary; most will run from humans
what do bears eat?
mostly vegetarian diet; fruit, insects, roots, amphibians, reptiles, small mammals, fish, garbage, carrion
Why do bears fatten up in autumn?
to get ready for winter dormancy
Where would bears make a den?
cavities in trees; holes in ground; rock crevice; tree roots
Who goes in the den?
males den alone; pregnant females den alone and give birth in the den; females den with first year cubs
Dormancy in bears?
in winter bears go in and out
How do male bears mark territory?
scarring trees with claws and teeth
Do bears have more than one mate?
Yes, bears are polygamous
When do bears mate?
June-July
Do males help raise young bear cubs?
No
Do male bears eat the cubs?
occasionally
Where are most bears found?
northeast and northcentral regions
What is the total bear population in PA?
4000 – 6000
What is a bear’s habitat?
wooded; in spring and summer open areas for vegetation; range over large areas; movement affected by food, humans and mating
What is Pa’s only feline predator?
MAX!!! No, it is the bobcat
Are bobcats seen a lot?
no
How are the bobcat’s senses?
excellent sense of sight, hearing and smell
What type of claws do bobcats have?
retractable
How many canine teeth does a bobcat have?
4
How large are bobcats?
36 inches long; 15-20 pounds
What do PA bobcats look like?
gray-brown color with dark spots and bars; lips, chin, underbelly and neck are white; ruff of fur out each ear; back legs longer than front
Do bobcats swim?
yes
What do bobcats eat?
mice, wood rats, shrews, squirrels, chipmunks, birds, rabbits and hares; occasionally porcupines, mink, skunk, fish, frogs insects and fox
Are bobcats nocturnal?
yes they mostly come out at night and have dark eyes that are well adapted to see at night
What are bobcats’ enemies?
mostly man
When do bobcats breed?
late Feb/early March
Do males help raise bobcat kittens?
no
Do males help raise bobcat kittens?
no
What is the gestation period for bobcats?
50-60 days
Where do bobcats give birth?
dens, caves, hollow logs
What is the gestation period for bobcats?
50-60 days
What is the gestation period for bobcats?
50-60 days
What is the gestation period for bobcats?
50-60 days
Where do bobcats give birth?
dens, caves, hollow logs
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