Erosion control
Geologic erosion
soil erosion that takes place naturally without human influence
Accelerated erosion
more destructive than natural ( 100 times more ) more rapid and rates are greater
Wind erosion
Involves loose dry particles being carried by moving air
Runoff water
that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking into ground
Sheet erosion
ocxuree when surface water or wind peel off fairly thin sheets or layers of soil
rill erosion
Erosin by running water in small channels
Gully erosion
Occurs when rivulets or fast flowing water join together to cut wider and deeper ditches or gullies
Sand blows
when the wind removes sand an soil
Splash erosion
types of erosion caused by raindrops
Vegetative erosion
Using plants to save the eroded soil
Cover crops
Plants such as rye alfafa or clover that can be planted immediately after harvest to hold an protect soil
Crop rotation
system of growing a differnet crop in a field each year to preserve the fertility of the land
Strip cropping
cultivation of crops in strips following the contours of the land to minimize erosion
Grassland waterways
soil conservation method growing vegetation along drainage
Contour  farming
planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion
Terraces
step like ledges cut into mountains to make land suitable for farming
Windbreakers
Row of large trees or bushes planted between fields to help block the wind and prevent soil erosion
Shelter belts
soil protection provided by rows of planted vegetation between strips
Berm
Platform of wave deposited sediment that is a flat or slopes slightly landward
Waterways
a geographic features that allow to travel water
Sediment basin
small ponds designed to hold runoff from construction sites so that sediment can settle out
Sodding
method of lawn installation that used strips to live growing grass it produces an immediate effect on the landscape but is more costly than seeding
Mulching
covering the ground around favored plants with light blocking material to prevent need growth
Reclamation plan
laying out the steps that will be taken to restore an area to usefulness after exploitation
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