ES Visualizing
Utilitarian conservationist
A person who values natural resources because of their usefulness to humans but use them sensibly and carefully.
Biocentric preservationist
A person who believes in protecting nature from human interference because all forms of life deserve respect and consideration.
John AUDUBON
Painted life like portraits of birds and animals that aroused public interest in wildlife in North America.
Henry THOREAU
U.S. writer who contemplated how people could economize and simplify their lives to live in harmony with the natural world.
George MARSH
was a farmer who wrote MAN AND NATURE which provided the first discussions of humans as agents of global environmental change.
Gifford PINCHOT and T. ROOSEVELT
Utilitarian conservationist who viewed forests in terms of their usefulness to people. PINCHOT expanded the nations forest reserve.
John MUIR
A biocentric preservationist (writer) who helped spark the Yosemite National Park. Founded the Sierra Club.
Franklin ROOSEVELT
Established the CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS.
Aldo LEOPOLD
Wrote a textbook GAME MANAGEMENT sparked new taxes on sporting weapons and ammo which was used for wildlife management.
Rachel CARSON
Marine biologist who wrote about interrelationships among living organisms. SILENT SPRINGS was her most famous book.
Gaylord NELSON and Denis HAYES
Former Senator who urged Denis HAYES to organize Earth Day.
Full cost accounting
The process of evaluating and presenting to decision makers the relative benefits and costs of various alternatives.
Natural capital
Earth’s resources and processes that sustain living organisms, including humans; includes minerals, forests, soils, groundwater, clean air, wildlife, and fisheries.
External cost
A harmful environmental or social cost that is borne by people not directly involved in selling or buying a product.
Marginal cost pollution
The added cost of an additional unit of pollution.
Marginal cost of pollution abatement
The added cost of reducing one unit of a given type of pollution.
Cost-benefit diagram
A diagram that helps policymakers make decisions about costs of a particular action and benefits that would occur if that action were implemented.
Optimum amount of pollution
The amount of pollution that is economically most desirable.
Command and control regulation
Pollution control laws that work by setting limits on levels of pollution.
Incentive-based regulations
Pollution control laws that work by establishing emissions targets and providing industries with incentives to reduce emissions.
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