Final Exam Semester 2

Global Warming

 

Name an effect of Global Warming-

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Ozone Layer gets destroyed, air is polluted, temperatures increase, water level increase, animals like the polar bear lose their habitat, ect

Global Warming

 

What type of layer in the earth’s atmosphere is destroyed due to the Greenhouse affect-


 

 

 

The Ozone Layer

Global Warming

 

Name something that emits Carbon Dioxide-

Cars and factories can emit Carbon Dioxide

Global Warming

 

Name different types of Greenhouse gasses-

Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide, HFC’s, Water Vapor

Energy

 

Can electrons pass through a conductor and name an example of one-

Yes they can. Examples are gold, copper and aluminum.

Energy

 

Can electrons go through a insulator and give an example    of an insulator-

No they can’t. Examples of an insulator is wood, paper, and rubber.

Energy

 

In Ohm’s Law, if opposite charges attract, what do charges that are the same do-

They repel each other.

Energy

 

If the current of an object is 5 amps and the resistance is 5 ohms, what is the voltage of a circuit-

1. V=RxI / 2. V= 5 amps x 5 ohms / 3. V= 25 volts

Energy

 

Find the Current of an object that’s resistance is 4 and voltage is 2-

1. I=V/R 2. I=2/4 3. 0.5 amps

Energy

 

Find the Resistance of a circuit where the Voltage is 4 and the Amps are 2-

1.R=V/A 2.R=4Volts/2Amps 3. R=2 Ohms

Energy

 

If their are 2 bulbs in a series circuit and one goes out, will the other one stay lit-

No, because the electrons have no other path to follow to the other bulb.

Energy

 

If their are two bulbs within a parallel circuit and one of the bulbs go out, what will happen to the other bulb.

The other one will stay lit and be brighter than before.

Energy

 

Is current electricity potential energy or kinetic energy and why-

Kinetic because the electrons in current electricity are always flowing.

Energy

 

Is static electricity potential energy or kinetic energy and why-

Poetential because the electrons in static electricity are stored and not flowing.

Energy



If your car has a velocity of 5 m/s and and a mass of 100 kg, what is it’s kinetic energy. 

1. 1/2xmxvxv 2. 1/2x100kgx5m/sx5m/s 3. 1,250 J

Energy

 

If a car has a mass of 100kg and a height of 8 meters, what is its potential energy-

1. mxgxh 2. 100kg x 9.8 g x 8 m 3. 7,840 J

Energy

 

What is potential energy and give an example of potential energy-

Potential energy is stored energy within an object and an example of potential energy is when you stretch out a rubber band.

Energy

 

What is Chemical Energy stored within and give and example of Chemical Energy-

Chemical Energy is stored within bonds of atoms and moleules. An example of chemical energy is natural gas.

Energy

Where is Nuclear Energy stored within an atom and give an example of nuclear energy.

Is found within the Nucleus of an atom and an example would be uranium

Energy

 

What is Mechanical Energy and give and example of Mechanical Energy-

Energy stored within mechaniancal obejects and an example of mechanical energy would be a stetched rubberband.

Energy



Electrical energy is the movement of what and give an example of electrical energy-

Of electrons and lightning is an example of electrical energy.

Energy



Thermal Energy is enery that pertains to what and give an  
example of Thermal Energy

Pertains to heat and an example would be geothermal energy.

Violent Weather



  Which layer of the atmosphere is closest to the earth and how high is it-

The Troposphere and is between 17km-20km

Violent Weather



Which layer is after the Troposphere and how close is it to the high is it.

The Stratosphere and is about 20 to 50 km.

Violent Weather



What layer protects us from ultra-violet rays and is getting weakend by Greenhouse gasses.

The Ozone layer

Energy


The Law of Conseration says that-

Energy can neither be created or destroyed, but tranformed to a different type of energy.

Energy



When mechanical energy changes into motin energy, this process is known as what-

Transformation

Energy



What does voltage measure-

The potential difference of electrons within a circuit.

Energy



What is alternative energy and give and example of a type of alternative energy.

Energy that is reusable and is cleaner for the environment. An example would be solar energy.

Energy

 

What is non-renewable energy and give an example of one-

Is energy that was created long ago and cannot be replenishd because it takes millions of years to make. An example would be oil or coal.

Energy

 

What is renewable energy and give an example of one-

Energy that never runs out and is an alternative to non-renewable energy. An example would be wind energy.

Violent Weather




The temperature of Chicago in a day was 73 degrees. This would be an example of what-

Weather

Violent Weather



The temperature of the east coast was about 80 degrees for the summer in the past 30 year. This is an example of-

Climate

Violent Weather



Plant, animals, and climate all pertain to characteristics of what-

Biomes

Violent Weather


 

What type of biome is dry and has little to no vegetation-

Desert Biome

Violent Weather


 

This biome has many trees and the climate of this area is temperate-

Forest Biome

 

Violent Weather



This Biome is very cold and has very little vegetation.

Tundra Biome

Violent Weather



This Biome contains a lot of grass vegetation and the weather is temperate.

Grassland Biome

Violent Weather



Alternative Energy source that use wind to make electric energy-

Wind Power

Energy



What is a static charge-

The build up of electric charge on the surface of an object.

Energy



What is energy in motion and give an example-

KInetic energy and a roller coaster going down a hill.

Energy

 

What is a coulomb-

A charge transported by a steady electrical current.

Energy



What is an electrons-

An electric charge.

Energy



When electrons do not want to go through a insulator, this  is because of-

Resistance

Energy



Is coal, oil, and natural gas a renewbale resource(true or false)-

False

Violent Weather

 

What scale measures the the damage of a tornado-

Fujita scale

Violent Weather



States like Texas, Oklahoma, and Nebraska are a part of what 

Tornado Alley

Active Earth

 

What does the Richter Scale measure-

Energy Wave realeased from an earthquake.

Violent Weather



When when their is a electrical discharge from a cloud is known as what-

Lightning

Thunder

 

The sound of lightning expanding after being discharged is known as-

Thunder

Violent Weather

 

What are the characteristics of a single-cell thunderstorm-

Very light rain, little to no wind, last less than an hour, no chance of tornado.

Violent Weather



What are the characteristics of a Multi-Cell thunderstorm-`

Strong Rain, last 2-4 hours, some wind, slight chance of tornado

Violent Weather



Characteristics of a Super-Cell thunderstorm

Heavy rain, strong winds, last more than 5 hours, huge possibility of a tornado.

Energy



Fossil Fuels are the remains of what-

Prehistoric Plants and Animals

Energy



How are fossil Fuels Formed-


Dead Plants or animals die in swampy water and gets burried in with dead sod and water sediments. Then it is aplied with heat and pressure and after millions of years form fossil feuls.

Energy


What are the primary uses of fossil fuels-

To create energy and fuel machines like cars and air planes

Energy



How does Geothermal Energy form electricity-

A pipe full of water goes underground where it forms steam and rises back up to the earth where it powers a motor. Then electricity is formed.

Energy



How does hydroelectricity forms electrical energy-

A damn with running water goes down a pipe to a turbine that forms electricity.

Energy



How does Biomass form Electricity-

Plant material take energy from the sun and is then converted and transformed into re-newable energy.

Energy



How does tidal energy form electricity-

Turbine under coast is powered by movement of tides and electricity is then formed.

Active Earth

 

What layer is between the outer core and crust and is made of rocky substances-

The Mantle

Active Earth

 

The thinnest layer of the earth and the farthest one from the center.

Crust

Active Earth

 

Two other layer that are near the center of the earth-

Inner Core and Outer Core

Active Earth

 

Where is the earth’s asthenosphere located-

Located by the upper mantle.

Active Earth

 

Where is the lithophere located-

Between the earth’s crust and upper mantle.

Active Earth

 

How does the process of convection currents occur-

Magma from the ocean floor rises and sinks and does this over and over which results in the sea florr spreading.

Active Earth

 

Who is Alfred Wegner and what did he discover-

A German Scientist who made advancements on his theory of continental drift.

Active Earth

 

What Evidence supports the Theory of Continental Drift-

Africa and South America look like they were together, simmilar plants and animals were found on other continents, borders of continents appear to have same rock patterns.

Active Earth

 

What happens when there are Convergent Plate Boundries-

One plate goes over another

Active Earth

 

What happens during a divergent plate boundry-

One plate goes underneath another plate.

Active Earth

 

What is occuring during a Transform Fault Plate Boundry-

Two plates are rubbing against each other.

Active Earth

 

The theory that plates are always moving is known as what-

The theory of Plate tectonics

Active Earth



When two plates collide or move along side each other, this creates what-

An Earthquake

Active Earth

 

What is the Elastic Rebound Theory-

When a Plate recieves too much energy, it will break, and an earthquake will form.

Active Earth

 

What graph is used to locate an earthquake-

A seismograph

Active Earth

 

What Earthquake waves can travel through solids and liquids-

Primary Waves

Violent Weather



A symbol that is used to represent the weather that is occuring is in a day and the wind direction is a-

Surface Observation Scale

Violent Weather



A scale that measures windspeed of a hurricane is known as a-

Saffir-Simpson Scale

Violent Weather



What is  A type of tropical cyclone or severe tropical storm that forms in the southern Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and in the eastern Pacific Ocean.


                                 A Hurricane

Violent Weather



What is a violently rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud.

A Tornado

Violent Weather

 

What is a narrow band of high winds and storms associated with a cold front.

A Squall Line

Violent Weather

 

What are the ingedient for a thunderstorm

Instability, Wind Shear, Lifting Mechanism, and Moisture

Violent Weather

 

What are the three stages of a thunderstorm-

Cumulus Stage, Mature Stage, and Dissipating stage

Violent Weather



Tropical, Temperate and Polar are the three main what-

Climate Zones of the world.

Violent Weather

 

What is the third highest layer of the earth atmosphere and how high is it-

The Mesosphere and is 80 km high.

Active Earth



What are secondary waves-

They are waves that are slower than primary waves and can travel through solids, but not liquids.

Active Earth



What are Surface waves-

Slow waves that travel on the surface of the earth instead of through. Examples would be Love waves and Rayleigh waves.

Active Earth



What does a Seismograph measure-

They meaure the arrival time of an earthquake, height of the lines is equal to the aplitude.

Violent Weather



What is the fourth layer of the earth’s atmosphere and is  very hot-

Thermosphere

Violent Weather



What is the fifth highest layer and last layer of the earth’s atmosphere and is extremely cold-

Ionosphere

Violent Weather



What type of cloud is a stratus cloud-

Very low cloud that look blanket like. No serious rain but can have a little drizzle.

Active Earth



What does a Mercalli scale measure-

The intensity of an earthquake

Active Earth



What are volcanic hazards-

Lahars, Valcano Landslides, Volcanic Gases, Pyroclastic Flows and Lava Floes

Active Earth



How is an earthquake formed-

Opening in earth’s crust where magma has reached the earth’s surface due to vents.

Active Earth



What are some earthquake hazards

Ground Motion, Aftershock, Fire and Tsunami

Violent Weather



What is a cumulus cloud look like and what weather can be associated with it-

Looks like a puffy cotton candy and the weather associated is clear weather with little to no chance of rain

Violent Weather



What is humidity and explain relative humidity-

Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere. Relative humidity is the amount of humidity in the atmosphere over how much it can actually can hold.

Violent Weather



What do cirrus cloud look like and what weather can be expected with it-

A thin wispy cloud that has little to no rain affilitated with it.

Violent Weather



Define Condensation, Evaporation, Transpiration, Run Off and Precipitation –

Condensation is when water vapor turns back to a liquid.

Evaporation is when water is turned into water vapor because of heat from the sun.

Transpiration is when the heat from the sun evaporates water from plants.

Run off is when water from mountains flow into streams that go into oceans.

Precipitation is any sort of release of water vapor from clouds whether is be sleet, snow, rain or hail.

Active Earth

 

Describe what a epicenter is and how it has to deals with an earthquake-

An epicenter is the location on the earth center directly above an earthquake.

Active Earth

 

What is the focus of an earthquake-

The point where a fault in the earth snaps and an earthquake begins

Active Earth


What and where is the ring of fire-

The Ring of Fire is an area by the pacific plate  where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.

Active Earth



What are composite volcano made of-



Made up of ash, lava, silica and magma.

Active Earth



What is a shield volcano and what is it made of-

A gentle sloping mountain, it is full of magnesium and iron.

Active Earth



Describe a cinder cone volcano-

A small volcano that only has short eruptions.

Violent Weather



What is Dew Point-

When water vapor molecules turn back in a liquid state.

Violent Weather


What happen in a high pressure area during a hurricane developement-

With a mix of hot and cold wind, violent waves are formed.

Violent Weather



What happens in a low pressure area during a hurricane development-

Cold air mixes with Warm air to form violent waves.

Violent Weather



What do isobars measure-

The air pressure in our sky and atmosphere.

Violent Weather



What do isotherms measure-

The difference in climate between two regions.

Violent Weather



What are the four main types of air masses-

The four main types of air masses are Maritime Tropical, Maritime Polar, Continental Tropical, and Continental Polar.

Violent Weather



What is a warm front-

When warm air displaces cold air.

Violent Weather



What is a cold front-

When cold air displaces warm air.

Violent Weather



What is a stationary front-

When two fronts collide and it is neither cold or warm.
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