caused by a bacterium called a “spirochete,” which may be transmitted to humans by the bite of infected ticks.
Certain ticks, found on deer, harbor the bacterium in their____________.
Is Lyme disease contagious from an infected person to someone else?
The unusual grouping of illness that appeared “rheumatoid” eventually led researchers to the identification of the bacterial cause of the children’s condition, what was then called ____________ in 1982?
Symptoms of Lyme disease:
There are 3 phases. What is phase 1?
There are 3 phases of Lyme disease. What is phase 2?
Heart and nervous-system involvement, including palsies and meningitis.
There are 3 phases of Lyme disease. What is phase 3?
motor and sensory-nerve damage and brain inflammation and arthritis.
Phase 1: Early localized disease
Within days to weeks of the tick bite, the local ______ around the bite develops an expanding ring of flat ______.
skin , redness
During phase 1 there may be an outer ring of brighter redness and a central area of clearing, leading to a ________ or __________ appearance.
bull’s-eye , target
During phase 2 the redness ________, without treatment, in about a _______.
dissolves , month
During phase 2 of lyme disease:
_______ to ________ after the initial redness of the skin, the bacterium and its effects can spread throughout the body. This causes disease in the _______ , ________, and ________ _______.
Weeks , months
joints, heart , nervous system
_______ is an inflammation in the joints, begins with swelling, stiffness, and pain.