Tree List

Pinus rigida

Family:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  pitch pine

Eco:  Sandy dry soils, very adapted to bad sites

Use:  charcoal, iron & glass furnace, terpentine for woodbuilding, tar

Range:  South Maine to Georgia

Juniperus virginiana

Family:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  eastern red cedar

Eco:  tolerates dry areas, usu. in farmland, early succ. areas, pioneer sp.

Use:  ornamental, gin, wildlife food, moth deter.

Range:  central & eastern US

Nyssa sylvatica

Family Name:  Cornaceae

Common Name:  blackgum, black tupelo

Eco:  wet or dry sites, most wet site

Use:  interlocking grain & fiber for cutting boards, old pipes (salt resistant)

Range:  eastern US (E of Mississippi)

Sassafras albidum

Family Name:  Lauraceae

Common Name:  sassafras

Eco:  shade intol., rich moist soils

Use:  sassparilla, tea, oil, soap, dye, wildlife food

Range:  east of Mississippi

Acer saccharum

Family Name:  Aceraceae

Common Name:  sugar maple

Eco:  moist well drained soils, very shade tol.

Use:  timber, syrup

Range:  northeast US & upper lake states

Acer rubrum

Family Name:  Aceraceae

Common Name:  red maple

Eco:  generalist–anywhere, take over swamps, shade tol.

Use:  softwood, none particular

Range:  eastern US

Gleditsia triacanthos

Family Name:  Caesalpiniaceae

Common Name:  honeylocust

Eco:  river banks

Use:  fenceposts

Range:  central & eastern US

Cornus sericea

Family Name:  Cornaceae

Common Name:  red-osier dogwood

Eco:  streambanks

Use:  ornamental

Range:  all US

Magnolia virginiana

Family Name:  Magnoliaceae

Common Name:  sweetbay magnolia

Eco:  moist, swampy areas

Use:  ornamental

Range:  southern & eastern coastal states

Catalpa speciosa

Family Name:  Bignoniaceae

Common Name:  northern catalpa

Eco:  bottomlands, planted, shade intol.

Use:  fenceposts, RR ties

Clethra alnifolia

Family Name:  Clethraceae

Common Name:  sweet pepperbush

Eco:  lowland

Salix nigra

Family Name:  Salicaceae

Common Name:  black willow

Eco:  lowlands

Use:  quanine from used to treat malaria

Range:  central & eastern US

Chamaecyparis thyoides

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  Atlantic white-cedar

Eco:  muck soils, swamps

Use:  indestructable wood, shingles, wood building

Range:  Atlantic & Gulf states

Liquidambar styraciflua

Family Name:  Hamamelidaceae

Common Name:  sweet gum

Eco:  bottomland, moist sites (high clay content), shade intol.

Use:  resin for perfume, timber–furniture under veneer

Range:  southern & eastern US to CT & southwest to TX

Platanus occidentalis

Family Name:  Platanaceae

Common Name:  sycamore

Eco:  wetland

Use:  cutting boards, butcher blocks

Range:  east of Mississippi

Platanus acerifolia

Family Name:  Platanaceae

Common Name:  London planetree

Eco:  planted, street trees

Use:  cutting boards, butcher blocks, ornamental

Range:  non-native, imported

 

Prunus serotina

Family Name:  Rosaceae

Common Name:  black cherry

Eco:  moist sites, shade intol., pioneer sp., old fields

Use:  furniture, wildlife food, veneer

Range:  PA (alleghany plateau), central & east US

Pinus strobus

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  eastern white pine

Eco:  sandy, loamy soils, predeterminate growth

Use:  timber sp.

Range:  lake states, north & east US

Tsuga canadensis

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  eastern hemlock

Eco:  very shade tol., moist areas–ravines, late succes. species

Use:  tannin from bark for treating/tanning animal hide

Range:  northeastern US along Appalachian mntns. to TN, lake states–ravines

Cornus florida

Family Name:  Cornaceae

Common Name:  flowering dogwood

Eco:  understory tree (shade tol.), moist hardwood areas

Use:  quanine, red dye, wildlife food

Range:  eastern to southeast US

Picea abies

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  Norway spruce

Eco:  planted

Use:  ornamental

Range:  non-native, imported

Ilex opaca

Family Name:  Aquifoliaceae

Common Name:  American holly

Eco:  moist soils, shade tol., understory sp., diecious

Use:  ornamental, wildlife food

Range:  southeast US & eastern coastal states

Pinus sylvestris

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  scots pine, scotch pine

Eco:  dry tolerant, wide distribution

Use:  firewood, christmas trees

Range:  wide area, from Europe

Cercis canadensis

Family Name:  Caesalpiniaceae

Common Name:  redbud

Eco:  streambanks, lowlands & moist soils

Use:  ornamental

Range:  southeast & central US

Thuja occidentalis

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  northern white cedar

Eco:  limestone outcrops, basic soils, shallow sphagnum bogs

Use:  fenceposts, railings, shingles, pulpwood

Range:  northeast US, lake states, parts of Canada

Betula nigra

Family Name:  Betulaceae

Common Name:  river birch, red birch

Eco:  river banks, floodplains, low elevations, shade intol.

Use:  ornamental

Range:  eastern US

 

Pinus echinata

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  shortleaf pine

Eco:  dry uplands

Use:  timber, wildlife nesting

Range:  south & eastern US

 

Diospyros virginiana

Family Name:  Ebenaceae

Common Name:  persimmon

Eco:  rich, moist soils, diecious

Use:  wildlife food

Range:  southern & eastern US

Betula populifolia

Family Name:  Betulaceae

Common Name:  gray birch

Eco:  shade intol., grow on poor soils, early succes.

Use:  make spools, big trees for veneer

Range:  northern Maine to northern DE, west to PA, Canada to Alaska

Juglans nigra

Family Name:  Juglandaceae

Common Name:  black walnut

Eco:  shade intol., rich moist soils in alluvial origin, good on poor sites

Use:  veneer, wildlife food

Range:  central & eastern US

Juglans cinerea

Family Name:  Juglandaceae

Common Name:  butternut

Eco:  shade intol., rich moist soils in alluvial origin, good on poor sites, first to drop leaves & last to leaf out

Use:  wildlife food

Range:  eastern US except southeast

Pyrus communis

Family Name:  Rosaceae

Common Name:  pear

Eco:  everywhere

Use:  edible fruit

Range:  everywhere

Pinus virginiana

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  virginia pine

Eco:  good on poor soil, shade intol., farm–pioneer sp.

Use:  paper/pulpwood

Range:  center of eastern US

Populus alba

Family Name:  Salicaceae

Common Name:  white poplar

Eco:  introduced sp., diecious

Use:  cheap brittle wood

Range:  introduced

Liriodendron tulipifera

Family Name:  Magnoliaceae

Common Name:  tuliptree, yellow-poplar, tulip poplar

Eco:  moist soils, shade intol.

Use:  very hard wood, timber under veneer

Morus alba

Family Name:  Moraceae

Common Name:  white mulberry

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental, edible fruit

Range:  introduced

Morus rubra

Family Name:  Moraceae

Common Name:  red mulberry

Eco:  native

Use:  ornamental, edible fruit

Range:  native

 

Rhus glabra

Family Name:  Anacardiaceae

Common Name:  smooth sumac

Use:  stabilize soils, wildlife food

Range:  most US

Rhus typhina

Family Name:  Anacardiaceae

Common Name:  staghorn sumac

Use:  stabilize soils, wildlife food

Range:  northeast US

Rhus copallina

Family Name:  Anacardiaceae

Common Name:  shining/winged sumac

Use:  stabilize soils, wildlife food

Range:  central & eastern US

 

Paulownia tomentosa

Family Name:  Scrophulariaceae

Common Name:  princess tree

Eco:  introduced, all

Use:  packing material, wedding boxes (wood) for Japan

Range:  introduced, everywhere

Ulmus americana

Family Name:  Ulmaceae

Common Name:  American elm

Eco:  lining streets, wet to moist areas, rich soil

Use:  ornamental, nice wood

Range:  central & eastern US, Canada

Ulmus rubra

Family Name:  Ulmaceae

Common Name:  slippery elm

Eco:  more moist areas than American elm

Use:  ornamental, cough drops

Range:  central & eastern US except Canada & coastal areas

Picea pungens

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  blue spruce

Eco:  withstands drought

Use:  ornamental

Range:  Rocky mountains (N 6,000-9,000 ft; S 8,000-11,000 ft) Montana to New Mexico

Gymnocladus dioicus

Family Name:  Caesalpiniaceae

Common Name:  Kentucky coffeetree

Eco:  moist soils, bottomlands

Use:  fences, RR ties, early settlers used seeds for coffee

Range:  central US

Chionanthus virginicus

Family Name:  Oleaceae

Common Name:  fringetree

Eco:  moist areas, streambanks, sandy rich moist soils

Use:  ornamental, wildlife food

Range:  south eastern US

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Family Name:  Oleaceae

Common Name:  green ash

Eco:  wet sites, streambanks, diecious

Use:  baseball bats, handles, furniture, urban areas

Range:  eastern & central US

Fraxinus americana

Family Name:  Oleaceae

Common Name:  white ash

Eco:  fertile upland soils, diecious

Use:  bats, handles, furniture, urban areas

Range:  eastern US

Alnus serrulata

Family Name:  Betulaceae

Common Name:  hazel alder

Use:  wildlife food, soil erosion

Range:  eastern part of central US

Alnus rugosa

Family Name:  Betulaceae

Common Name:  speckled alder

Use:  wildlife food, soil erosion

Range:  northeast US & Canada

Aralia spinosa

Family Name:  Araliaceae

Common Name:  devil’s walking stick

Eco:; grow quick

Use:; ornamental, wildlife food

Range:; central ; eastern US

Taxodium distichum

Family Name:; Cupressaceae

Common Name:; baldcypress

Eco:; bottomlands

Use:; coffins, fenceposts, ornamental

Range:; Atlantic ; Gulf coast states

Metasequoia glyptostroboides

Family Name:; Cupressaceae

Common Name:; metasequoia

Eco:; from waterfir valley China

Use:; ornamental

Range:; China

Pinus flexilis

Family Name:; Pinaceae

Common Name:; limber pine

Use:; lumber, RR ties, poles

Range:; Canada to Southern CA

Quercus velutina

Family Name:; Fagaceae

Common Name:; black oak

Eco:; poor sites (crowded out from competition)

Use:; firewood, yellow dye

Range:; central ; eastern US

Quercus coccinea

Family Name:; Fagaceae

Common Name:; scarlet oak

Eco:; dry sandy soils

Use:; firewood

Range:; central ; northeast US

;

Quercus alba

Family Name:; Fagaceae

Common Name:; white oak

Eco:; deep moist soils, intermediate shade tol.

Use:; important timber–furniture

Range:  eastern US

Prunus avium

Family Name:  Rosaceae

Common Name:  sweet cherry

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Ailanthus altissima

Family Name:  Simaroubaceae

Common Name:  tree-of-heaven

Eco:  cities

Range:  cities, disturbed areas, introduced from China

Acer saccharinum

Family Name:  Aceraceae

Common Name:  silver maple

Eco:  bottomland sp.

Use:  ornamental

Range:  eastern US except southeast

Acer palmatum

Family Name:  Aceraceae

Common Name:  Japanese maple

Eco:  planted

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Carya alba

Family Name:  Juglandaceae

Common Name:  mockernut hickory

Eco:  dry sandy to fertile uplands

Use:  handles in tools–takes a shock

Range:  eastern US

Quercus montana

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  chestnut oak

Eco:  poor dry soils

Use:  lumber, tannin for curing hides

Range:  northeast US & south along Appalachians (high alti.)

Quercus falcata

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  southern red oak

Eco:  uplands

Range:  southeast US

Acer platanoides

Family Name:  Aceraceae

Common Name:  Norway maple

Eco:  invasive sp., streets

Use:  ornamental

Range:  streets

Taxus sp.

Family Name:  Taxaceae

Common Name:  yews

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced, usually tropical–family

Robinia pseudoacacia

Family Name:  Fabaceae

Common Name:  black locust

Eco:  lot sites, rich soils, limestone, shade intol.

Use:  fenceposts, nails/wooden pegs for ships

Range:  WV, KY, VA, TN, NC

Thuja orientalis

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  oriental arborvitae

Eco:  ornamental, hooked fleshy blue cone

Use:  ornamental

Range:  from China, Asia

 

Platycladus orientalis

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  oriental arborvitae

Tilia americana

Family Name:  Tiliaceae

Common Name:  American basswood/linden

Eco:  moist soils, shade tol. when young, shade intol. older

Use:  timber, carving

Range:  northeast US & lake states

Celtis occidentalis

Family Name:  Ulmaceae

Common Name:  hackberry

Eco:  moist soils, limestone outcrops, floodplain sediments make rich soil

Use:  wildlife food

Range:  central & eastern US except southeast

 

Toxicodendron radicans

Family Name:  Anacardiaceae

Common Name:  poison ivy

Range:  central & eastern US

Toxicodendron vernix

Family Name:  Anacardiaceae

Common Name:  poison sumac

Range:  eastern US

Tilia cordata

Family Name:  Tiliaceae

Common Name:  little leaf linden

Carya illinoinensis

Family Name:  Juglandaceae

Common Name:  pecan hickory

Eco:  bottomland

Use:  handles, smoking food

Range:  south & east US

Quercus acutissima

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  sawtooth oak

Eco:  from Asia

Use:  ornamental

Range:  from Asia

Pinus taeda

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  loblolly pine

Eco:  good deep, poor moist, or dry soils

Use:  major pulpwood, lumber

Range:  southeast US

Pinus nigra

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  Austrian pine

Eco:  from Europe

Use:  ornamental, windbreak

Range:  from Europe

 

Quercus macrocarpa

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  bur oak

Eco:  dry uplands, bottomlands

Use:  timber, ornamental, pollution resistant

Range:  central US & lake states

Ginkgo biloba

Family Name:  Ginkgoaceae

Common Name:  ginkgo

Eco:  old long lived, very resistant, dioecious

Use:  ornamental–cities, fruit delicacy

Range:  anywhere

 

Carpinus betulus

Family Name:  Betulaceae

Common Name:  European hornbeam

Eco:  introduced, planted

Use:  ornamental

Range:  planted, introduced

Cedrus atlantica

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  atlas cedar

Use:  ornamental

Range/Eco:  imported

Hamamelis virginiana

Family Name:  Hamamelidaceae

Common Name:  witch-hazel

Eco:  rich moist soils, understory sp., flowers in fall

Use:  ornamental

Range:  eastern US

Acer griseum

Family Name:  Aceraceae

Common Name:  paperbark maple

Use:  ornamental

Range/Eco:  introduced from China

 

Malus sp.

Family:  Rosaceae

Common Name:  crab apple

Use:  ornamental

Range/Eco:  introduced

Magnolia acuminata

Family Name:  Magnoliaceae

Common Name:  cucumbertree

Eco:  rich moist soil, intermediately shade tol.

Use:  ornamental

Range:  along Appalachian mntns.

Carya cordiformis

Family Name:  Juglandaceae

Common Name:  bitternut hickory

Eco:  moist soils

Use:  handles…

Range:  eastern US

Fagus grandifolia

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  American beech

Eco:  rich to dry soils, upland, very shade tol.

Range:  east of Mississippi except Florida

Lindera benzoin

Family Name:  Lauraceae

Common Name:  spicebush

Eco:  damp soils–rich

Use:  wildlife food

Range:  central & eastern US

Quercus rubra

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  northern red oak

Use:  firewood…

Range:  east US, eastern half of central US, not FL or Gulf states

Cladrastis kentukea

Family Name:  Fabaceae

Common Name:  yellowwood

Use:  ornamental

Range:  central US & Ohio valley

Tilia tomentosa

Family Name:  Tiliaceae

Common Name:  silver linden

Eco:  imported

Use: ornamental

Range:  imported

 

Pinus thunbergiana

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  Japanese black pine

Eco:  tolerates salt

Use:  ornamental?

Range:  from Japan

 

Carya glabra

Family Name:  Juglandaceae

Common Name:  pignut hickory

Eco:  upland, dry

Use:  tough wood–handles of tools

Range:  eastern US except coastal plain

Xanthocyparis nootkatensis

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  Alaska cedar

Eco:  bottomlands, moist well drained soils, droopy branches

Use:  ornamental

Range:  western sp., southeast Alaska to Washington’s Cascade mntns. to southern Oregon–1900-2800 feet

 

Abies fraseri

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  fraser fir

Eco:  usually growing with red spruce & yellow birch, narrow spirelike crown–shakes off snow

Use:  christmas trees

Range:  southern Appalachians–4500-6900 feet

Fagus sylvatica

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  European beech

Eco:  shade tol., elephant skin crook, lot of variation

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Pyrus calleryana

Family Name:  Rosaceae

Common Name:  bradford pear

Eco:  extensively planted in urban areas, small round pome, branches break easily

Use:  ornamental

Range:  imported

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  douglas-fir

Eco:  mntns., high genetic diversity, cone bracts longer than scales, mature at 25 years

Use:  #1 lumber sp.

Range:  west coast in Rocky Mntns.

Aesculus hipocastanum

Family Name:  hippocastanaceae

Common Name:  horsechestnut

Eco:  very spreading crown, large spiny nut, sticky terminal bud

Use:  ornamental

Range:  from Europe

Ostrya virginiana

Family Name:  Betulaceae

Common Name:  hophornbeam

Eco:  rich soils, small tree

Use:  ornamental

Range:  central & eastern US

Wisteria floribunda

Family Name:  Fabaceae

Common Name:  Japanese wisteria

Eco:  quick growing vine, invasive

Use:  ornamental

Range:  from Japan

Wisteria frutescens

Family Name:  Fabaceae

Common Name:  American wisteria

Eco:  quick growing vine

Use:  ornamental

Range:  VA, FL, TX–native sp.

Larix laricina

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  tamarack, larch

Eco:  cool swamps, sphagnum bogs, wet sites, shade intol., short shoot growth

Range:  northeast US, some central US, & Canada

Larix kaempferi

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  Japanese larch

Eco:  introduced, cone scales reflexed

Range:  introduced

Larix decidua

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  European larch

Range:  introduced

Quercus ilicifolia

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  scrub/bear oak

Eco:  poor soils

Use:  wildlife food

Range:  northeast US

Quercus marilandica

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  blackjack oak

Eco:  open dry poor sites, shrublike

Use:  wildlife food

Range:  southeast US

Quercus phellos

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  willow oak

Eco:  bottomlands, poor drained soils, lot of fine branches

Use:  urban tree

Range:  southeast US except FL

Quercus stellata

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  post oak

Eco:  dry, gravel, sandy soils, poor sites, round terminal buds, cross shaped leaf

Use:  wildlife food, firewood

Range:  eastern & southeast US

Carya ovata

Family Name:  Juglandaceae

Common Name:  shagbark hickory

Eco:  upland sites (north), deep moist alluvial soils (south), longer skinnier bud, shaggy bark

Use:  tool handles, ornamental

Range:  eastern US

Pinus resinosa

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  red pine

Eco:  sandy soils, intermed. shade tol.

Use:  stabilize soils, reforestation, ornamental

Range:  northeast US & lake states

Carpinus caroliniana

Family Name:  Betulaceae

Common Name:  American Hornbeam

Eco:  rich soils, near streams & rivers

Use:  ornamental?

Range:  East of Mississippi

Celastrus orbiculatus

Family Name:  Celastraceae

Common Name:  Oriental Bittersweet

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Celastrus scandens

Family Name:  Celastraceae

Common Name:  American Bittersweet

Eco:  generalist

Use:  wildlife food

Range:  East of Rockies

Quercus palustris

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  Pin Oak

Eco:  bottomlands, poor drained soils

Use:  ornamental, good city tree b/c resistant to pollution, firewood

Range:  Central & Northeast US

Acer negundo

Family Name:  Aceraceae

Common Name:  Boxelder

Eco:  deep moist soils, dry poor sites

Use:  ornamental?

Range:  most US except coast

Abies concolor

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  White Fir

Eco:  moist well drained gravelly loam covered slopes w/ Northern exposure (more shade)

Use:  ornamental?

Range:  Western US, largest range

Pseudolarix amabilis

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  Pseudolarix

Eco:  introduced, slow growing

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced from China

Pinus bungeana

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  Lacebark Pine

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced from China

Castanea dentata

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  American Chestnut

Eco:  gets fungus that blows out phloem

Use:  used wood in furniture

Range:  eastern US

Castanea mollisima

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  Chinese Chestnut

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Magnolia grandiflora

Family Name:  Magnoliaceae

Common Name:  Southern Magnolia

Eco:  moist sites

Use:  ornamental

Range:  southeast US, NC is northern limit

Cornus kousa

Family Name:  Cornaceae

Common Name:  Kousa Dogwood

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Parrotia persica

Family Name:  Hamamelidaceae

Common Name:  Persian Parrotia

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Cedrus deodara

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  Deodar Cedar

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Cephalotaxus sp.

Family Name:  Cephalotaxaceae

Common Name:  Cephalotaxus, Plum Yew

Eco:  introduced, dioecious

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Cornus amomum

Family Name:  Cornaceae

Common Name:  Silky Dogwood

Eco:  lowlands, streams

Use:  wildlife food

Range:  eastern US

Populus tremuloides

Family Name:  Salicaceae

Common Name:  Trembling Aspen

Eco:  generalist, dioecious, shade intol.

Range:  US & Canada

 

Populus grandidentata

Family Name:  Salicaceae

Common Name:  Bigtooth Aspen

Eco:  generalist, dioecious, shade intol.

Range:  northeast US & lake states

Betula lenta

Family Name:  Betulaceae

Common Name:  Black Birch, Sweet Birch

Eco:  mesic (wet) sites, shade intol.

Use:  making birch beer, veneer, spools

Range:  NE U.S. & App. mntns.

Juniperus communis

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  Common Juniper

Eco:  dioecious, shrub or small tree

Use:  ornamental

Range:  transcontinental U.S.–N U.S., Canada, lake states

Aesculus flava

Family Name:  Hippocastanaceae

Common Name:  Yellow Buckeye

Eco:  mesic slopes & coves, rivers & streams

Use:  furniture, carving

Range:  SW PA along Appl. mntns. through GA & FL

Cercidiphyllum japonicum

Family Name:  Cercidiphyllaceae

Common Name:  Katsuratree

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Lagerstroemia indica

Family Name:  Lythraceae

Common Name:  Crapemyrtle

Eco:  small tree, introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Halesia tetraptera

Family Name:  Styracaceae

Common Name:  Silverbell

Eco:  wooded slopes, streambanks, moist soil

Use:  ornamental

Range:  WV, OH, IL-FL to E OK

Chamaecyparis obtusa

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  Hinoki Falsecypress

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced-Asia

Cunninghamia lanceolata

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  China Fir

Eco:  introduced

Use:  timber (China), ornamental, coffins

Range:  introduced

Ulmus parvifolia

Family Name:  Ulmaceae

Common Name:  Chinese Elm

Eco:  introduced from China

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced from China

Oxydendrum arboreum

Family Name:  Ericaceae

Common Name:  Sourwood

Use:  ornamental

Range:  SE U.S.

Magnolia tripetala

Family Name:  Magnoliaceae

Common Name:  Umbrella Magnolia

Eco:  understory sp.

Use:  ornamental

Range:  SE U.S.

Rhododendron maximum

Family Name:  Ericaceae

Common Name:  Rhododendron

Eco:  acidic soils up to 3200′ elevation

Use:  ornamental, wildlife cover, carving wood

Range:  NE U.S. down to App. Mntns.

Styphnolobium japonicum

Family Name:  Fabaceae

Common Name:  Japanese Pagoda Tree

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Wollemia nobilis

Family Name:  Araucariaceae

Common Name:  Wollemi Fir

Eco:  canyons, low genetic variability

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced from Australia

Pinus mugo

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  Mugo Pine

Eco:  usually groundcover

Use:  ornamental

Range:  from Europe

Quercus bicolor

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  Swamp White Oak

Eco:  moist areas, swamps

Use:  furniture, veneer

Range:  N half of E U.S.

Sequoia sempervirens

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  Redwood

Eco:  sprouts from everywhere

Use:  indestructable wood

Range:  SW OR to CA

Pinus wallichiana

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  Himalayan Pine

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced from Himalayas

Cedrus libani

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  Cedar-of-Lebanon

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Acer pensylvanicum

Family Name:  Aceraceae

Common Name:  Striped Maple

Eco:  monoecious or dioecious, cool moist areas, very shade tol., small shrub to small tree

Use:  ornamental

Range:  NE U.S., lake states, App. Mntns.

Sequoiadendron giganteum

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  Giant Sequoia

Eco:  need fire, shallow roots

Use:  very durable wood

Range:  groves along Sierra Nevadas–4500′-7500′

Cupressus arizonica

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  Arizona Cypress

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  C & S AZ

Asimina triloba

Family Name:  Annonaceae

Common Name:  Pawpaw

Eco:  deep rich moist soils, shade tol.

Use:  wildlife food, edible fruit, yellow dye

Range:  SE U.S.

Quercus michauxii

Family Name:  Fagaceae

Common Name:  Swamp Chestnut Oak

Eco:  lowlands

Use:  timber, furniture

Range:  Atlantic & Gulfcoast states, Miss. valley

Chamaecyparis pisifera

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  Sawara-Cedar

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced from Japan

Sciadopitys verticillata

Family Name:  Sciadopityaceae

Common Name:  Umbrella Pine

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Cryptomeria japonica

Family Name:  Cupressaceae

Common Name:  Japanese Cryptomeria

Eco:  introduced

Use:  ornamental

Range:  introduced

Pinus palustris

Family Name:  Pinaceae

Common Name:  Longleaf Pine

Eco:  well drained soils to wet sites, very diverse forest ecosystem

Use:  high quality wood

Range:  Southeast U.S.

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