unit 6
118. Layers Of The Atmosphere
Layers of the atmosphere is 6 different layers that are made up in the atmosphere which are Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, and Exosphere.

 

Sentence: The layers of the atmosphere has 6 different layers.

Ex 1: Stratosphere

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Ex 2: Mesosphere

119. Changing States of Water
Changing States of Water is the states in which matter can exist: as a solid, liquid, or gas. When temperature changesmatter can undergo a phase change, shifting from one form to another.

 

Sentence: Changes of water is the which matter can exist.

Ex 1: solid

Ex 2: liquid

121. Saturation Point
Saturation Point is the stage at where no more substance can be absorbed into a vapor or dissolved into a solution.

 

Sentence: When no more substance can absored into a vapor that is the stage of saturation point.

 

 

Ex 1: salt in water

Ex 2: sugar in water

122. Relative Humidity
Relative Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air, expressed as percentage of the maximum amount that the air could hold at he given temperature

Sentence: Relative Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air.

Ex 1: air pressure

Ex 2: temperature

123. Hygrometer
Hygrometer is any instrument for measuring the water-vapor content ofthe atmosphere.
 
Sentence: Hygrometer is a instrument for measuring water vapor.
Ex 1: water vapor
Ex 2: water
124. Dew Point
 Dew Point is the temperature to which air must be cooled, at a givenpressure and water-vapor content

 

Sentence: the temperature to which air must be cooled is dew point.

Ex 1: humidity

Ex 2: water

125. Adiabatic Rates
Adiabatic Rates is the rate at which atmosphere temperature decreases with increasing altitude in conditions of thermal equilibruim.

 

Sentence: Adiabatic Rates is when temperature decreases with increasing altitude.

Ex 1: Air passing over a cool surface loses energy through conduction

Ex 2: Dry adiabatic lapse rate calculator solving for change in temperature given change in altitude or elevation

126. Clouds
Clouds is a visible mass of condensed water vapor floating in the atmosphere, typically high above the ground.

 

Sentence: There are different types of clouds like cirrus, cumulus, stratus etc.

 

Ex 1: cirrus

Ex 2: cumulus

127. Air Mass
Air Mass a body of air with horizontally uniform temperature, humidity, and pressure.

 

Sentence: Air Mass is a body of air horizontally uniform temperature.

 

Ex 1: humidity

Ex 2: pressure

128. Air Pressure
Air Pressure is the force exerted onto a surface by the weight of the air.

 

Sentence: Air pressure is forced exerted onto a surface by weight of air.

 

Ex 1: Air pressure in car tire

Ex 2: Sucking a drink through a draw

129. Barometer
Barometer is an instrument measuring atmospheric pressure, used espically in forecasting the weather and determining altitude.

 

Sentence: A barometer is an instrument measuring atmospheric pressure.

Ex 1: instrument

Ex 2: measuring

131. Isobar Map
Isobar Map is an imaginary line or a line on a map or chart connecting or marking places of equal barometric.

 

Sentence: Isobar Map is a line on a map correcting or marking places.

 

Ex 1:

Ex 2:

134. Cyclones
Cyclones is a system of winds rotating inward to an area of low atmospheric pressure, with a counterclockwise (northern hemisphere) or clockwise (southern hemisphere) circulation; a depression.

 

Sentence: cyclones is a system of winds rotating inward to an area.

 

Ex 1: Hooghly River Cyclone

Ex 2: India and Bangladesh

135. Anticyclones
Anticyclones a weather system with high atmospheric pressure at its center, around which air slowly circulates in a clockwise (northern hemisphere) or counterclockwise (southern hemisphere) direction. Anticyclones are associated with calm, fine weather.

Sentence: anticyclones is a weather system with high atmospheric.

Ex 1: During the year the anticyclone furnishes us with about sixty per cent.

Ex 2: barometer, on the other hand, is usually an indication of the fineweather associated with an anticyclone.

136. Cold Front
Cold Front is the boundary of an advancing mass of cold air, in particular the trailing edge of the warm sector of a low-pressure system.

 

Sentence: cold front is the boundary of advancing mass

 

Ex 1: cold air advancing

Ex 2: cold air

137. Warm Front
Warm Front the boundary of an advancing mass of warm air, in particular the leading edge of the warm sector of a low-pressure system.

 

Sentence: the boundary of a advancing mass of warm air.

 

Ex 1: warm advancing air

Ex 2: warm air

138. Stationary Front
Stationary Front is a stationary front is a pair of air masses, neither of which is strong enough to replace the other. 

 

Sentence: stationary front is a pair of masses that combine togther and create gentle rain or snow

 

Ex 1: rain

Ex 2: snow

139. Occluded Front
Occluded Front a warm air mass is caught between two colder air masses. The colder air moves under the warmer air pushing it up and then moves forward until it meets a mass that is warmer and pushes it up too.

 

Sentence: a front produced by occlusion.

 

Ex 1: cool temperatures 

Ex 2: large amounts of snow

141. El Nino
El Nino an irregularly occurring and complex series of climatic changes affecting the equatorial Pacific region and beyond every few years, characterized by the appearance of unusually warm, nutrient-poor water off northern Peru and Ecuador, typically in late December.

Sentence: el nino is a complex of series of climatic changes affecting the equatorial Pacific region.

Ex 1: la nina

Ex 2: Pacific region

142. La Nina
La Nina a cooling of the water in the equatorial Pacific that occurs at irregular intervals and is associated with widespread changes in weather patterns complementary to those of El Nino, but less extensive and damaging in their effects.

Sentence: a cooling of the water in the equatorial Pacific that occurs at irregular intervals.

Ex 1: El nino

Ex 2: Pacfic region

143. Doppler Effect
Doppler Effect an increase (or decrease) in the frequency of sound, light, or other waves as the source and observer move toward (or away from) each other. The effect causes the sudden change in pitch noticeable in a passing siren, as well as the redshift seen by astronomers.

Sentence: an increase (or decrease) in the frequency of sound, light, or other waves as the source and observer move toward (or away from) each other. 

Ex 1: sound 

Ex 2: light

144. Ozone Layer
Ozone Layer is a layer in the earth’s stratosphere at an altitude of about 6.2 miles (10 km) containing a high concentration of ozone, which absorbs most of the ultraviolet radiation reaching the earth from the sun.

Sentence: a layer in the earth’s stratosphere at an altitude of about 6.2 miles (10 km) containing a high concentration of ozone.

Ex 1: radiation

Ex 2: sun

145. Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Effect the trapping of the sun’s warmth in a planet’s lower atmosphere due to the greater transparency of the atmosphere to visible radiation from the sun than to infrared radiation emitted from the planet’s surface.

Sentence: the trapping of the sun’s warmth in a planet’s lower atmosphere due to the greater transparency of the atmosphere to visible radiation.

Ex 1: visible radation 

Ex 2: sun

146. Global Warming
Global Warming a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and other pollutants.

Sentence: a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere.

Ex 1:carbon dioxide

Ex 2: ch2

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