Changing States of Water is the states in which matter can exist: as a solid, liquid, or gas. When temperature changes, matter can undergo a phase change, shifting from one form to another.
Sentence: Changes of water is the which matter can exist.
Ex 1: solid
Ex 2: liquid
121. Saturation Point
Saturation Point is the stage at where no more substance can be absorbed into a vapor or dissolved into a solution.
Sentence: When no more substance can absored into a vapor that is the stage of saturation point.
Ex 1: salt in water
Ex 2: sugar in water
122. Relative Humidity
Relative Humidity is theamountofwatervaporintheair,expressedasa percentageofthemaximumamountthattheaircouldhold athegiventemperature
Sentence: Relative Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air.
Ex 1: air pressure
Ex 2: temperature
Hygrometer is anyinstrumentformeasuringthewater-vaporcontentoftheatmosphere.
Sentence: Hygrometer is a instrument for measuring water vapor.
Ex 1: water vapor
Ex 2: water
124. Dew Point
Dew Point is thetemperaturetowhichairmustbecooled,atagivenpressureandwater-vaporcontent
Sentence: thetemperaturetowhichairmustbecooled is dew point.
Ex 1: humidity
Ex 2: water
125. Adiabatic Rates
Adiabatic Rates is the rate at which atmosphere temperature decreases with increasing altitude in conditions of thermal equilibruim.
Sentence: Adiabatic Rates is when temperature decreases with increasing altitude.
Ex 1: Air passing over a cool surface loses energy through conduction
Ex 2: Dry adiabatic lapse rate calculator solving for change in temperature given change in altitude or elevation
Clouds is a visible mass of condensed water vapor floating in the atmosphere, typically high above the ground.
Sentence: There are different types of clouds like cirrus, cumulus, stratus etc.
Ex 1: cirrus
Ex 2: cumulus
127. Air Mass
Air Mass a body of air with horizontally uniform temperature, humidity, and pressure.
Sentence: Air Mass is a body of air horizontally uniform temperature.
Ex 1: humidity
Ex 2: pressure
128. Air Pressure
Air Pressure is the force exerted onto a surface by the weight of the air.
Sentence: Air pressure is forced exerted onto a surface by weight of air.
Ex 1: Air pressure in car tire
Ex 2: Sucking a drink through a draw
Barometer is an instrument measuring atmospheric pressure, used espically in forecasting the weather and determining altitude.
Sentence: A barometer is an instrument measuring atmospheric pressure.
Ex 1: instrument
Ex 2: measuring
131. Isobar Map
Isobar Map is an imaginary line or a line on a map or chart connecting or marking places of equal barometric.
Sentence: Isobar Map is a line on a map correcting or marking places.
Cyclones is a system of winds rotating inward to an area of low atmospheric pressure, with a counterclockwise (northern hemisphere) or clockwise (southern hemisphere) circulation; a depression.
Sentence: cyclones is a system of winds rotating inward to an area.
Ex 1:Hooghly River Cyclone
Ex 2: India and Bangladesh
Anticyclones a weather system with high atmospheric pressure at its center, around which air slowly circulates in a clockwise (northern hemisphere) or counterclockwise (southern hemisphere) direction. Anticyclones are associated with calm, fine weather.
Sentence: anticyclones is a weather system with high atmospheric.
Ex 1: Duringtheyeartheanticyclonefurnishesuswithaboutsixtypercent.
136. Cold Front
Cold Front is the boundary of an advancing mass of cold air, in particular the trailing edge of the warm sector of a low-pressure system.
Sentence: cold front is the boundary of advancing mass
Ex 1: cold air advancing
Ex 2: cold air
137. Warm Front
Warm Front the boundary of an advancing mass of warm air, in particular the leading edge of the warm sector of a low-pressure system.
Sentence: the boundary of a advancing mass of warm air.
Ex 1: warm advancing air
Ex 2: warm air
138. Stationary Front
Stationary Front is astationary front is a pair of air masses, neither of which is strong enough to replace the other.
Sentence: stationary front is a pair of masses that combine togther and create gentle rain or snow
Ex 1: rain
Ex 2: snow
139. Occluded Front
Occluded Front a warm air mass is caught between two colder air masses. The colder air moves under the warmer air pushing it up and then moves forward until it meets a mass that is warmer and pushes it up too.
Sentence: a front produced by occlusion.
Ex 1: cool temperatures
Ex 2: large amounts of snow
141. El Nino
El Nino an irregularly occurring and complex series of climatic changes affecting the equatorial Pacific region and beyond every few years, characterized by the appearance of unusually warm, nutrient-poor water off northern Peru and Ecuador, typically in late December.
Sentence: el nino is a complex of series of climatic changes affecting the equatorial Pacific region.
Ex 1: la nina
Ex 2: Pacific region
142. La Nina
La Nina a cooling of the water in the equatorial Pacific that occurs at irregular intervals and is associated with widespread changes in weather patterns complementary to those of El Nino, but less extensive and damaging in their effects.
Sentence: a cooling of the water in the equatorial Pacific that occurs at irregular intervals.
Ex 1: El nino
Ex 2: Pacfic region
143. Doppler Effect
Doppler Effect an increase (or decrease) in the frequency of sound, light, or other waves as the source and observer move toward (or away from) each other. The effect causes the sudden change in pitch noticeable in a passing siren, as well as the redshift seen by astronomers.
Sentence: an increase (or decrease) in the frequency of sound, light, or other waves as the source and observer move toward (or away from) each other.
Ex 1: sound
Ex 2: light
144. Ozone Layer
Ozone Layer is a layer in the earth’s stratosphere at an altitude of about 6.2 miles (10 km) containing a high concentration of ozone, which absorbs most of the ultraviolet radiation reaching the earth from the sun.
Sentence: a layer in the earth’s stratosphere at an altitude of about 6.2 miles (10 km) containing a high concentration of ozone.
Ex 1: radiation
Ex 2: sun
145. Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Effect the trapping of the sun’s warmth in a planet’s lower atmosphere due to the greater transparency of the atmosphere to visible radiation from the sun than to infrared radiation emitted from the planet’s surface.
Sentence: the trapping of the sun’s warmth in a planet’s lower atmosphere due to the greater transparency of the atmosphere to visible radiation.
Ex 1: visible radation
Ex 2: sun
146. Global Warming
Global Warming a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and other pollutants.
Sentence: a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere.